《上古之歌》附錄詞表整理

《上古之歌(Voices from Early China)》 是英國語言學家散復生(Geoffrey Sampson)所著的一部《詩經》通俗讀本。
這部書的最大特色,就是用極其通俗的語言來翻譯《詩經》。書中逐行列出了《詩經》的上古漢語擬音轉寫(許思萊 OCM 體系),行文中的所有漢語專名也全都用擬音轉寫表示,讀之若有恍惚置身三代之感。

「Tiw」王國地圖


今年年初幫助自稱「老眼昏瞶(almost 80-year-old eyes)」的散復生教授重新校對了一遍此書的附錄詞表,揪出了幾個錯誤。這個表格是當初校對的結果,但不保證我的版本與書中的相契無郤。

散氏的這部著作中所用的擬音系統是許思萊(Axel Schuessler)的「OCM (Minimal Old Chinese)」擬音,但具體細節與許氏著作卻稍有不同,不知道是散氏的修改還是許氏的後續更新。

本書附錄詞表的擬音,我已收入 RIME 上古漢語輸入方案集錄,可用「上古漢語(許思萊)OC_schuesslerOC」進行輸入,散氏著作特有的擬音用「」標記。

總之,表格就在下面。表格中的 OCM 是我自己推算的。

網友「bili67100711242」對我提及散復生的擬音,所以把這個檔案找出來發在這裏,也不是什麼值得藏着掖著的。

表格「.xlsx」文件可到此下載:Google Docs


擬音轉寫歸納

這裏的轉寫是散氏自己做的一套系統,還是比較容易見字求聲的。

OCM轉寫OCM轉寫
◌̂◌̀◌̥ ◌̊h
uouʰh
əu-c
jyʔrrr
ŋngʔwww
ɦghʔjyy
tsʰtsmp
tstznt
srshŋʔnk
tsʰrchk-hk’h
tsrj
dzrdjʔ(-V)不寫

表格

OCM轉寫釋義漢字
ʔaain, at, on, with
ʔâàa crow
ʔâ,
ʔâ-ɦâ
à,
à-ghà
oh!於,
於乎
ʔâkàkbad
ʔâksàksto hate
ʔamʔamp1. to cover, spreading over;
Amp Suk (Yan Xi), a nobleman of Dzin
奄;
奄息
2. thickening, gathering (clouds)
ʔanan1. thereat; X an, when X
2. how?
3. a syllable inserted for rhythm
ʔânàn1. how, where, what?
2. peace, peaceful, solemn
ʔaŋang1. middle; end
2. deep and strongly flowing
ʔaŋʔ-tʰaŋʔank-thankdisconcerted怏惝
ʔânsànsrepress
ʔanʔant1. lie down
2. silurid catfish
ʔâtàtstop, repress
ʔâtsàtsample, rich (of clouds); numerous
ʔaw,
ʔaw-dawʔ
aw,
aw-dawc
delicately lovely夭,
夭紹
ʔawʔawckill, destroy
ʔâwkàwk1. moisten, hence glossy; Àwk (Wo), a place-name
2. silver-washed
ʔajay1. ah!;
ay-tzay, whoopee!
猗;
猗嗟
2. igiri tree, Idesia polycarpa
ʔâjày1. a slope
2. pillar, beam;
Ày Gràng (A Heng), kingmaker to first Un king
阿;
阿衡
ʔajʔayclean on, pull aside
ʔâjʔ,
ʔâjʔ-nâjʔ
àyc,
àyc-nàyc
luxuriant猗,
猗儺
bârushes, reeds
bâ-babà-bacrawl匍匐
ba-sŋâba-sngàrose mallow扶蘇
baʔbac1. protect, help
2. father
3. cooking pot
4. detachable sides to wagon
bâkbàkto press; thin
bâk,
bâk-ŋan
bàk,
bàk-ngan
initial particle: well now, …薄,
薄言
bambamevery
banban1. abundant
2. burn, roast
3. fence, hedge
4. uncoloured garment
5. hoary mugwort
bânbàn1. turn round
2. joy
baŋbang1. withstand, be a match for; dyke, embankment
2. bream
3. room, esp. side-room
bâŋbàng1. side
2. forceful
bâns-wansbàns-wansrelaxed, undisciplined畔援
basbasattach; reach to
bâsbàsa course, career
batbat1. to attack, hit; to cut
2. a shield
bâtbàt1. trudge, trample;
bàt-dap, “trudge and wade”: travel across country
跋;
跋涉
2. halt in the open
3. end of an arrow
4. sacrifice to the Spirits of the Road
bâtBàtBo, the Demon of Drought
batsbatsto bark
bâtsbàts1. flutter; a streamer
2. thin out
bawʔbawccompact, dense
bâwksbàwksviolent; use strength to overcome
bajbayskin
bâj-sâjbày-sàya ritual dance, see Ode 137婆娑
bajsbaysto cover, be covered; a head-dress
bebe1. accumulate
2. tripe
bekbek1. a law; lawful
2. to open
3. beat the breast
bêkbèktile
beksbeksavoid, move away
benbenglib; insincere words
bêŋbèng1. jug
2. screen, protecting wall
bêŋʔbènkside by side, together
bêsbèsnetsuke; to wear hanging from girdle
betsbetsworn-out
bibi1. abundant, large; enlarge
2. make ample, strengthen; big oneself up
3. panther
binbin1. urgent, pressing
2. become wife to
3. a water plant, probably water clover
binʔbintfemale animal
bisbis1. assemble, unite, combine; be concordant
2. braid
bitbit1. nonchalant, offhand
2. fat and robust (of a horse)
bîtbìtfragrant苾,飶
biwbiwflow;
Biw-dray (Biaochi), a stream in Xi’an
滮;
滮池
bobowild duck; Bo (Fu), a mountain in southern Shandong
bôkbòkdriver, servant
boŋbong1. meet
2. sew
bôŋbòng1. luxuriant foliage
2. a plant, possibly hairy fleabane
3. boom!
4. disorderly
boŋsbongsseam
bosbosbe added to, stick to
bubou1. strong and numerous
2. float
bûbòu1. collect, assemble; come together; all
2. a long coat, esp. quilted
3. a wide-skirted robe; Bòu (Bao), a placename;
Bòu Sluc (Bao Si), concubine of king Iw
褒;
褒姒
bu-jubou-youmayfly蜉蝣
buʔbouclarge and fat; a large mound; abundant;
bouc-toung, grasshopper
阜;
阜螽
bûʔbòuccarry in the arms
bukboukreturn, restore
brâkbràkwhite
brâŋBràngPeng, a place in Drengs
bransbranscap, specifically the cap of manhood
brânʔbràntslope
brâtsbràtsbe ruined
brenbrenpunctilious
breŋbreng1. level, to be just; to settle; peaceful; Breng (Ping), name of first Eastern Tiw king (p. 9)
2. lad’s-love (see Ode 161)
brêsbrèsfine grain
briʔbricbe separated
brûbròu1. bake, roast
2. gourd
3. kitchen, butchery
brû-hûbròu-hòushout and bawl咆虓
brəksbruksprepare, provide, ready, complete
brənbrunpoor, poverty
brəŋbrung1. full, solid
2. stand on, rely on
3. wade across a river
brəsbrusoverbearing
bə̂accompany, associate, support
bə-ləʔbu-lucplantain芣苢
bəʔbuc1. lady, wife
2. carry on the back
bə̂ʔbùcdouble
bəʔ-saŋbuc-sangcarriage-box, carriage服箱
bəkbuk1. serve, service
2. to wear; clothes
3. lie down
4. train and use an animal
5. submit, be dominated
6. a quiver
7. inner horses of a team
8. intense thought
bə̂ksbùksturn the back on, be disloyal, rebel
bə̂ksBùksBei, a place-name (see p. 66)
bəmbumfloat about
bə̂mbùmbushy
bəms-wâŋbums-wàngphoenix鳳凰
bənbun1. river bank, embankment濆,墳
2. a type of elm
3. great賁,頒
4. well-set (of fruit)
5. burn, destroy
bənBunFen, a river of Shanxi
bə̂ŋbùng1. a match, equal; a friend
2. string of cowrie shells
bənʔbuntswell up
bətbut1. great
2. oppose, offend
bə̂tsbùtsdisordered, silly
bəjbuy1. follow on foot
2. fat
3. sick
bjawʔbyawcto drop
tsʰrachabegin
tsʰraʔchac1. bushy, luxuriant, rich; numerically complete, ample; Chac (Chu), a southern state
2. thorns, thorny tree
tsʰraŋs-hʷaŋschangs-hwangsgrief, distress愴怳
tsʰrâjchàychoose
tsʰraj-drajchay-drayuneven, long and short mixed差池
tsʰrocho1. grass used for fodder or fuel
2. hurry, run to;
cho-tsang, to step in an agile, well-balanced manner, as in sport, ritual, or dance
趨;
趨蹌
tsʰrôŋchòngwagon
tsʰrotschotsrobe with figured top and embroidered skirt
tsʰrəkchuk1. sharp
2. to measure depth
tsʰrəmchumgallop
tsʰrəm-tsʰrajchum-chayuneven参差
tsʰrəpchupflap the ears
dâ1. the common people; foot soldier, follower
2. to butcher; Dà (Tu), a place-name
3. fatigue, suffering; disabled
4. consider, plan, calculate
daʔdac1. altar to Spirit of Soil; sacrifice to that spirit
2. field hut
dâʔdàc1. roots
2. Chinese pear-tree, Pyrus pyrifolia; Dàc (Du), a river of Shaanxi
dakdak1. stone, rock
2. stately, great
dâkdàkto measure, calculate, consider
dâksdàksa measure, rule
dândànsandalwood tree
daŋdang1. splendid, ample
2. garment covering lower part of body
dâŋdàng1. hall
2. pear tree
daŋsdangs1. wish, would that
2. add to
3. still, yet
4. high; consider high; Dangs (Shang), a Tiw general
dansdanscooked food
dânsdànsto fear
danʔdant1. good; approve
2. area of levelled ground for sacrifices
dânʔ-slêkdànt-slèknaked torso襢裼
dapdapwade across a stream
dâtdàtcome forward, become prominent, prosper; for a plant to break through the soil
datsdats1. reach, get to, go to, go away
2. swear, promise
3. tell the future using yarrow stalks, see Ode 58
dâtsdàtsbig;
dàts-bang, large framework supporting a hog-roast;
dàts-pa, dignitary, courtier
大;
大房;
大夫
dawʔdawccontinue, transmit
dâwksdàwkssad
dawsDawsShao, a place-name, see p. 56
dâwsdàwsrobber, scoundrel
dâjdàyalligator
dedeto flock to the roost
dê1. tranquil
2. lift
deʔdecthis; be like this, be correct
deŋdeng1. sincere; truly
2. to complete, achieve; peacemaking; Deng (Cheng), second Tiw-dynasty king (p.8)
3. put into a receptacle
dêŋsdèngsfix, settle
dêsdèslook at
dêtsdètsa solitary tree
dî1. cormorant
2. a sprout, shoot
dîʔdìc1. younger brother
2. pleased
dîndìnsound of drum
dinsdinscareful, circumspect
dînsdìnsto set out, present offerings
dîsdìsyounger sister, secondary wife
ditdittrue, really; that is to say; this, that
dîtdìt1. laugh scornfully
2. old age
3. anthill, mound
dîwdìw1. to adjust, to tune調
2. a kind of cicada
diwkdiwklithe, beautiful; good
dîwkdìwklevel and easy (road)
dzraʔdjachoe
dzrâmdjàm1. crafty
2. high and craggy
dzrâmsdjàmsslander
dzraŋdjangbed牀;床
dzrânʔdjàntcarriage box made of interwoven laths
dzrasdjasto help
dzrosdjosrunning fast (of a horse)
dzruŋdjoung1. pile up, accumulate; to exalt, honour; high; Djoung (Chong), a state;
djoung ngrà, dogtooth decoration for bell stand
崇;
崇牙
2. end; all, whole of
dzrə̂djùwolf
dodo1. strongly, very
2. a kind of lance; baton
dôthrow to, to present; throw out
doʔdocto plant, establish
dokdok1. apply; applied to
2. caterpillar
dôkdòkalone
dondonhasten; rapid
dôndòn1. grieved
2. rich, plentiful (dew)
3. numerous
4. eagle
dôŋdòng1. bushy, ample
2. young person; lamb, calf
3. tung tree
4. join; sort into categories, match; same, shared; together; a hunt meet
doŋʔdonkswollen, inflated, conceited
dôŋʔdònkto move
dosdostree
dôsdòsa ‘dou’ food bowl
dudou1. reject, be hostile to
2. enemy
3. repay, recompense, answer
4. to toast someone, take wine with them, return a toast酬,
dûdòustick with feathers attached翿
duʔdoucreceive
duʔ,
duʔ-kʰûʔ
douc,
douc-khòuc
long life; Douc (Shou), a personal name壽,
壽考
dûkdòuk1. poison
2. a kind of creeper𦺇
dundoun1. great
2. a quail
dûndòuntie together
dûnsdòunsblunted; Dòuns (Dun), a hill
dusdous1. give, issue
2. sell, esp. sell slaves
dujdouywho?
dûjdòuy1. collapse, fall down
2. tornado
dûjʔdòuyccap on butt end of weapon
dojdoyhang
dradra1. eliminate, remove
2. collect, store, heap up
draʔdrac1. stand in attendance
2. lamb
3. ramie (see Ode 139)
4. a shuttle
drakdrak1. choose
2. marsh, pool
drâkdràkresidence, to inhabit
drandranthe landholding of one farmer
draŋdrang1. long, tall; a long time; always
2. intestines
3. arena, threshing floor; yard used for growing vegetables in spring and storing them in autumn
draŋ-tsʰraʔdrang-chacstarfruit tree, carambola萇楚
drasdraspass away
drawdrawaudience; morning reception of visitors; court
drawʔdrawc1. to initiate, institute; active, nimble;
drawc-mawc, active
肇;
肇敏
2. a flag showing tortoise and snake
drawsdrawsto summon
drajdray1. canter (see Ode 163)
2. a pool
3. a leat
drajʔdrayccleave wood along the grain
drajsdraysearth, ground
dredrea kind of flute
dre-drodre-drowalk haltingly踟躕
dreŋdrengnorm, rule; Dreng (Cheng), a state
dreŋsDrengsZheng, a state
dretdretclear, limpid
dretsdretsdiscard; left over
dridri1. whetstone
2. islet
3. tarry, be late; walk slowly; slow, long
driʔdricpheasant
drindrin1. old, of long standing; for a long time
2. old grain
3. display, set out, arrange, diffuse; Drin (Chen), a state
4. path from gate to Great Hall
drisdris1. young, childish
2. sow or plant late
dritdritorder, regulate, orderly, pure
driwdriw1. dense, thick
2. nightdress
driw-miwsdriw-miwsto bind round綢繆
driwkdriwkaxle; Driwk (Zhou), a place in Drengs
driwsdriwshelmet
drôkdròkmuddy, muddled
droŋdrong1. slow-ripening grain
2. double;
Drong-nuc (Chong-er), heir to the dukedom of Tzins who deposed a pretender in 636, see Ode 134
重;
重耳
droŋ-gawdrong-gawsee gaw
droŋʔdronkheavy
druʔdrouccrupper; Drouc (Zhou), last Un king (see p.8)
drukdroukcylinder
druŋdroung1. metallic sound, tinkle
2. insect; a living creature generally
druŋsdroungsa second son; Droungs (Zhong), a clan name
drutsdroutscause resentment
drədru1. grasp, hold
2. regulate, arrange, work with, manipulate
drəʔdruc1. provide, collect
2. stand, stand still, stop
drəkdrukstraight; right; extensive
drəksdrukshold upright
drəmdrumsubmerged; to sink
drə̂mʔdrùmpsoaking (in dew), deep
drəndrundust
drəŋdrung1. to correct, chastise
2. suppress
drəŋʔdrunkI, said by king; the “royal we”
drəpdrupto cluster like insects
drjawkdryawksleek, brilliant, glossy; to wash
drjawksdryawkswash clothes
du1. this, a certain
2. correct, good
3. fowl-hole in wall
də̂1. a tower
2. sedge used to make rainwear
dəʔduc1. time; then, now; season, seasonable; at all times, constantly
2. rely on, depend on
3. market
dəkduk1. namely
2. level
3. limpid
də̂kdùk1. upright, straight
2. one of a pair, mate; a match for; an only one
3. a three-year-old animal
dəmdum1. reliable, trustworthy; to trust, rely on忱,
2. small stove
dəmʔdumpmulberry fruit
də̂mʔdùmphang down (hair)
dəmsdumsexcessively, very
dəndun1. time; timely
2. doe
dəŋdung1. lift up, present, honour, celebrate; receive, hence meet in battle
2. continue
də̂nʔdùntcause to cease; extinguish, ruin, destroy
djaŋdyang1. standard, normal, constant; Dyang (Chang), a city in the west of Ràc
2. to taste; the “tasting”, hence the autumn sacrifice
3. bagrid catfish
djaŋ,
djaŋ-lîts
dyang,
dyang-lìts
cherry tree常,
常棣
djaŋsdyangsabove, up, on
djaŋʔdyankgo up
djawdyawtablets of even-numbered ancestors in temple
djâwdyàw1. Chinese trumpet vine, Campsis grandiflora
2. a type of pea
djâwʔdyàwcpierce, cut
djâwkdyàwkto condole, pity; grieved
djawk-jawkdyawk-yawkpeony勺藥
dzâdzàadvance, go to, pass;
Dzà-rù (Culai), a mountain near Mount Tai
徂;
徂來
dzaʔdzacstop, prevent
dzakdzakregister of field revenues
dzâkdzàk1. return a toast, reward
2. oak
dzâksdzàksblessing, prosperity, dignity
dzândzàndamage, injury; cruel
dzaŋdzang1. injure
2. wall
dzâŋdzàngto store, hoard, treasure up
dzansdzansgift of food; to give a farewell feast
dzanʔdzant1. tread, trample
2. shallow; armoured with thin mail
dzânʔdzànta ladle for pouring a libation
dzapdzap1. break off hastily
2. victory; nimble
dzawdzaw1. collect firewood
2. worn
dzâwkdzàwkto bore, chisel out
dzâjdzàydisease
dzemdzemto lie at the bottom of water; wade
dzêndzènbefore, precede, former
dzeŋdzeng1. for sky to clear
2. affection
dzeŋʔdzenkquiet, pure; to make tranquil, to be quiet, acquiesce靖,靜
dzesdzesaccumulate; a heap
dzêtdzètcut, trim, hence restrain, govern
dzidzi1. thatch; to pile up
2. puncture-vine
dzîdzì1. equal, uniform; reverent; Dzì (Qi), a state
2. quick-witted
dzîʔdzìcshepherd’s-purse
dzindzin1. luxuriant, growing profusely
2. cicada
dzinDzinQin, a state, later the first imperial dynasty
dzinsdzins1. promoted, prominent
2. ashes; burned
dzinʔdzintexhaust, entirely
dzisdzis1. follow, associate with; from
2. oneself
dzîsdzìs1. angry
2. sheaf, bundle
dzitdzitsickness, pain, injure; urgent, energetic;
dzit-ouy, terrifying
疾;
疾威
dzîtdzìtcrestlike
dziwdziw1. collect, bring together
2. to achieve, to end
dziw-dzîdziw-dzìlarva of a kind of beetle蝤蠐
dzôkdzòkclan
dzoŋdzongfollow, pursue, attend to business
dzoŋsdzongsfollower, attendant
dzotdzot1. exceed; extremely
2. extinguish
dzûdzòuservant, set of servants; Dzòu (Cao), a small state
dzûDzòuCao, a city of Wets, briefly its capital
dzûʔdzòuc1. make, do; achieve
2. unripe (grain)
dzûŋdzòungjunction of two rivers
dzûnʔdzòuntcherry salmon
dzusdzouscome to, attain
dzutdzouthigh-pointed
dzutsdzouts1. collect, assemble
2. fatigue, distress
dzûjdzòuy1. repress
2. break; hence, cut fodder
dzûj,
dzûj-ŋûj
dzòuy,
dzòuy-ngòuy
craggy崔,
崔嵬
dzûjʔdzòuycoffence, crime
dzôjʔdzòycsit
dzôjsdzòysa seat
dzə̂dzùwell-endowed, able, strong
dzə̂ʔdzùcat; exist, live
dzə̂kdzùkinjure
dzə̂mdzùmsilkworm
dzə̂ndzùnto dwell at
dzə̂ŋdzùng1. hate
2. marker of perfect tense
dzə̂ŋsdzùngsgive; a gift
dzə̂nsdzùnsrepeatedly
dzəpdzup1. harmonious
2. collect, bring together, hold together
3. come together and settle, as birds; accomplish
dzə̂pdzùpmixed, variegated
dzəsdzusto breed, nurture, love, fondle
dzə̂sdzùs1. to load
2. to erect shuttering for building walls
dzʷandzwana spring
ʔekekincrease
ʔêkèkpart of a yoke
ʔememcontented, tranquil
ʔemʔempa kind of wild mulberry tree檿
ʔemsemssatiate; abundant, fine
ʔênÈnYan, a state
ʔênsènstake pleasure, be at ease; to feast; a feast燕,宴
ʔêns-ʔênsèns-ènsa swallow (bird)燕燕
ʔêns-ʔonʔèns-ontbeautiful嬿婉
ʔêpèpbury
ʔep-ʔəpep-upmoist厭浥
gagavast, spacious
gâ1. how, why, what?
2. dewlap
3. calabash; a ‘hu’ vase
ga-draga-drarough bamboo mat籧篨
gaʔgac1. oppose, resist
2. black millet
3. upright posts of drum or bell stand
gâʔgàc1. rely on, depend on
2. blessings
3. door, house
4. wooded hill
5. unknown tree species
6. must (scarcely-fermented wine, see Ode 165)
gakgaktongue
gâkgàka badger
gâmʔgàmprumbling of a carriage
gangan1. reverent
2. cut, kill
gângàn1. cold
2. prop up, support; wing, to fly
gânGànHan, a place-name
gaŋgangstrong, violent
gâŋgàng1. travel by water
2. for a bird to stretch its neck
3. a row, rank
gâŋsgàngsstrong, vigorous
gaŋʔgankmake an effort; compel
gânsgànsguard, protect, ward off
gânʔgàntdry, drought; Gànt (Han), a mountain
gatgat1. to exhaust
2. surpassing, outstanding; hero; single
ɦâʔGhàcdynasty, see Ode 304
4. lift on shoulder; high
gâtgàt1. what, where, when, how, why?
2. rough haircloth
gâtsgàtsto hurt, be hurt; damage, harm
gawgawhigh
gaw,
droŋ-gaw
gaw,
drong-gaw
a long-tailed species of pheasant鷮,
重鷮
gawʔgawcelegant, beautiful
gâwʔGàwcHao, Western Tiw capital (p. 8)
gawkgawkhigh-stepping, robust-looking; conceited
gâwkgàwka crane
gajgaychisel
gâjgày1. what, how, why?
2. lotus
gâjGàyYellow River
gajʔgayccooking pot
gâjʔgàyccarry
gâjsgàyscongratulate
gege1. illness; suffer
2. wheel hub
geGeQishan, a mountain
gêwhy, what, where?
Gè Se (Qi Si), brother of a lord of Ràc
奚;
奚斯
geʔgeca clan; suffix to a name indicating a lady, or the clan leader
geŋgengcity wall, esp. inner wall; city; to fortify
gêŋgèng1. punish; law
2. a model; imitate
gêŋGèngXing, a state
gênsgènsappear
gênʔ-gʷrânʔgènt-gwràntbeautiful睍睆
gêpgèpgrasp; hold between fingers, pinch; hold on to; embrace
ɦâghàa verbal question mark or exclamation mark
ɦâghàat; X ghà, at X
ɦâʔghàcgreat; Ghàc (Xia), the first Chinese dynasty, later used for the culturally- Chinese states as opposed to the tribal periphery
ɦâʔ kjə,
ɦâʔ nə̂m
Ghàc Kyu,
Ghàc Nùm
Xia Ji, Xia Nam: a mother and son of Drin夏姬,
夏南
ɦâwghàwcry out
ɦôʔghòcafter
ɦôsghòsgo behind, support
giʔgicregard
ginginslave, servant
gîngìnwise, worthy
gipgip1. ten
2. archer’s armlet
gisgis1. to show
2. enjoy
gitgitstraight
gîtgìt1. tuck flaps of skirt under girdle to make a carrying-pocket
2. for a bird to straighten its neck
giwgiwlong and curved like a horn
glaŋglang1. great; Glang (Tang), an antiquarian name for Tzins state;
glang-lìts, a type of cherry, probably great white cherry
唐;
唐棣
2. dodder (a parasitic weed)
3. path to temple door
gogotoil
gô1. a particle, often introductory: “Now,…”, or equivalent to wi, q.v.
2. marquis, noble in general; princely
3. target
4. throat
5. dried food, provisions
gôʔgòcthick, ample, generous
gokgokbend the body, curl up
gongon1. a bend; curved; handsome
2. fist; force, strength
gôngònto build, to complete; Gòn (Wan), son of Jang Kyang, see Ode 26
gon-lagon-lato sprout; beginning of anything權輿
goŋgong1. distressed
2. mound
gôŋgòng1. flood
2. disorder, trouble
3. wild goose
4. toad
goŋsgongstogether
gosgosall, together, complete
gôsgòs1. to escort, wait on
2. sovereign, lord;
Gòs Tzuk (Hou Ji), the Millet Lord, first cereal grower and ultimate ancestor of the Tiw kings, see Ode 245
后;
后稷
3. arrow with metal tip
gotgotstumble, trample
gotsgots1. agile; alert; Gots (Gui), a personal name
2. small sacrificial table
gôtsgòtsunite, assemble, collect, encounter;
gòts brans, a skullcap (which gathers the hair together)
會;
會弁
gugou1. urgent絿
2. long and curved like a horn
3. seek, beg for
4. meet, assemble
5. mate, companion; antagonist
6. a ritual jade object
7. chisel
guʔgouc1. mother’s brother
2. fault, blame, inauspicious
gûʔgòuc1. bright, splendid;
Gòuc Thìn, “Bright Sky”: a name for the supreme god
昊;
昊天
2. vast, great
gûkgòuka bird, perhaps crane; Gòuk (Hu), a placename
guŋgoungpoverty, destitution
gunʔgountdistress; embarrassed
gutsgouts1. fail; defective
2. food; a gift of food
gûjʔ-dûjgòuyc-dòuyexhausted, ill瘣隤
gôjʔgòyccalamity; chastise
grâgrà1. what, how?
2. far, far from, far-reaching;
pu grà X, X is very probable, there is sure to be X
遐;
不遐X
3. flaw, blemish
4. horse of mixed red and white colour
grâʔgràcdown, below
grâmgràmto carry in the mouth
grâmʔgràmpjet of water
grâmsgràmsmirror
grângràn1. large, ample
2. to train; well-trained
3. see grèn
grâŋgràng1. walk, a road; act, practise
2. yoke of carriage, crossbeam
graŋsgrangsquarrel, quarrelsome
grâŋsgràngsgo round, inspect
grâŋʔgrànkfloating-hearts, see Ode 1
grâsgràs1. go down, send down
2. summer
3. leisure, respite
grâtgràthub of axle and linchpin
grâwgràweat; food
grâwsgràwsimitate
gregrerun sure-footedly
grên,
grân
grèn,
gràn
move leisurely
grênʔgrèntrefined
grês-grôsgrès-gròshappy and carefree邂逅
grigri1. old
2. great, numerous
grîgrìcold
gringrin1. vigorous
2. pitiable, to pity
gritGritJi, a clan name
groʔgrocstraitened, in want
grôŋsgròngsalley, lane, street
grôŋʔgrònkneck, to stretch the neck
grônsgrònscalamity
grôtsgròtsword, speak
grugrouroad junction, crossroads
grûkgròuklearn
grûŋgròungsubmit
grûjgròuybosom; to cherish, be anxious about, hope for, long for
grûjsgròuysruin, ruined
grə̂kgrùk1. kernel; stone fruit
2. wing𦑜
grə̂mgrùmall; complete; to unite
grənsgruns1. to plaster, bury
2. have an audience with a superior
3. famine
grə̂pGrùpa town or river in Nots state
grə̂pgrùpassemble; accomplish; to accord with, concordant
grə̂sgrùsweapon, tool
gu1. his, her, its, their; (occasionally) your, my, our; A gu B, how B A is!
2. to wish that; auxiliary expressing future or wish
3. dappled grey騏,
4. prosperity; fortunate
5. a fixed time, date
GuQi, a river of Henan, see Ode 48
gə-rin,
rin
gu-rin,
rin
unicorn, see Ode 11麒麟,
gəkgukextreme point; a limit; attain; arrive at extreme
gəmgum1. reeds
2. a Chinese lute
gə̂mgùmcontain
gə̂mʔ-lə̂mʔgùmp-lùmplotus blossom菡萏
gəmsgumssash
gəngun1. toil, diligent, devoted
2. watercress
gəŋgungstrong, terrible
gə̂ŋgùngconstant
gənsgunsbe near to, keep close to
gənʔguntnear
gəpgupcome to, attain, go as far as; and, together with
gə̂pgùpjoin, unite; harmony; complete; a mate
gəsgusdread; hate; cautious
gəjguy1. tall
2. pray, beg, announce
3. doorway, threshold
4. royal domain;
guy-pac, minister of war
畿,圻;
圻父
5. dragon banner
gʷâgwàfox
gʷâkgwàk1. boil
2. reap, cut; Gwàk (Huo), a place-name
gʷaksgwaksfear
gʷângwànrush, sedge萑,莞
gʷaŋgwangmad, foolish
gʷâŋgwàng1. yellow;
gwàng tìwc, “yellow bird”: black-naped oriole
黃;
黃鳥
2. reed organ, or tongue of wind instrument
gʷaŋʔgwankdeceive
gʷânʔgwàntwash
gʷâsgwàsmelon, gourd
gʷâtgwàt1. alive; keep someone alive
2. join
gʷêngwènsuspend
gʷeŋgweng1. scared, alone and helpless惸,睘,嬛
2. precious; precious stone
gʷêŋʔgwènkdistant
gʷênʔgwèntpure (of jade)
gʷigwimallow
gʷiʔgwicmeasure, estimate, examine, manage
gʷîngwìnblack
gʷitsgwitsa shaking movement
gʷrâŋgwràngto plough crosswise
gʷrânʔgwràntbrilliant (of stars)
gʷrengwrenhandsome
gʷrəjgwruysturdy
gʷəgwu1. fur garment
2. adorned with jewels
3. triangular blade
4. remote wilderness
gʷəʔgwucancient
gʷəngwuna flock, class; all群,羣
gʷə̂ŋgwùngvast, to enlarge
gʷə̂tsgwùtsviolent, energetic; for a river to break its banks
gjawgyaw1. piled up, high, dangerous
2. mallow
hahamodest
hâʔhàcwhack!
hâkhàkmoat
hamʔ-sônHamp-sònXianyun, a northern tribe, see Ode 167玁狁
haŋhang1. fragrant, perfume
2. region, tract
3. a feast; enjoy a feast; provide food and drink for a feast or sacrifice享,饗
haŋshangs1. turn towards, face towards; facing; south (i.e. facing the sun)
2. north-facing window
hânsHànsHan River
hânʔhàntscorch
haphapsides of body
hâshàscall out, shout
hat-hawhat-hawtype of dog猲獢
hâwhàw1. clamour, noise
2. wormwood
hajshaysto joke, sport
hêŋhèngfragrance
hênʔhèntbright, illustrious; Hènt (Xian), a personal name
hihiyarrow
hlâʔhlàctiger; Hlàc (Hu), a personal name;
hlàc gin, “tiger officers”: special forces
虎;
虎臣
hokhokurge, stimulate
hoŋhong1. unlucky, bad; contrary to natural order
2. discord; to litigate
hôŋhòngburn
hoshoswarm; heat
huhou1. to rest; ease, rest; benefit, blessing, happy; grace
2. kind of bird—owl?
hûhòu1. to clear away, to weed
2. a tiger’s roar
huʔhoucto rot, decay
hûʔhòucgood, beautiful
hukhoukcherish
hûshòusto love
hrâkhràk1. majestic
2. fire-red
3. to manifest
hrâkshràksscold, rebuke
hrâwkhràwkrich white colour (of birds)
hrâwshràwsfilial piety
hriwkhriwkJapanese dock
hrə̂mʔhrùmproaring, enraged (as a tiger)
hubrightness, splendour
HuXi, a marquis of Ràc, see Ode 300
həʔhucjoy, rejoice
həkhukred
həmhumenjoy; elated
hənhunrejoice; delicious
həŋhungraise, rise, prosper
həphup1. united, harmonious; to draw in
2. to stretch
3. roar of rushing water
həthutcome to, reach
hətshutsto collect, to rest
həjhuy1. groan
2. first light of the sun; to dry
hʷahwa1. oh!, alas!; pained;
hwa-tzay, exclamation of excitement or grief
吁;
吁嗟
2. great
hʷaʔhwac1. cork-oak, see Ode 121
2. a ceremonial cap
hʷâkhwàksprouting leaves of bean plants
hʷanhwan1. forget
2. ocarina
hʷânhwàna badger
hʷâŋhwàngloud sound of crying or bell
hʷaŋshwangs1. give, confer on
2. increase
hʷaŋʔhwankdistressed, disappointed, confused
hʷânshwàns1. ample
2. cry out, clamour
hʷanʔhwantbrilliant, illustrious, conspicuous恒,咺
hʷâthwàtsound of splash
hʷâtshwàts1. ample, deep
2. tinkle
3. sound of wings
hʷehwemarlinspike觿
hʷenhwensmart, nimble
hʷênshwènsbluish-black horse
hʷînhwìnfar away
hʷinshwinshibiscus; Hwins (Shun), a legendary emperor
hʷithwitwater channel, moat
hʷîthwìtblood
hʷîtshwìtssmall; to make a shrill sound
hʷraŋhwrangelder brother
hʷə̂ʔhwùcdried, minced, and pickled meat
hʷəkhwukbundle of threads
hʷəkshwuksstill, quiet
hʷənhwun1. befuddled
2. to smoke, steam
hʷənshwunsinstruct, explain; obey
hʷəjhwuy1. flame, brightness
2. a kind of pheasant
hʷəjʔhwuyc1. sound of thunder
2. the young of snakes, brood of snakes
hʷəjshwuysvegetation
hjâwhyàwalarm call
hjawʔhyawcfew
hjawkhyawkbeautiful, fine
hjeŋhyengsound, voice, fame
hjoshyosguard a border
hjuhyoureceive, harvest; front-to-back dimension of a vehicle
hjuʔhyouc1. to keep, guard
2. to hunt
hjushyousan animal; to hunt
ʔiithis; is; a grammar word; equivalent to wi 維, q.v.
ʔîì1. a wild duck, perhaps widgeon
2. a syllable inserted for rhythm
ʔi-ʔuji-ouywoodlouse伊威
ʔinin1. continue
2. rely on, trusting, devoted
3. marriage; an in-law
4. sacrifice
5. piebald horse
6. mat
ʔin-tâin-tàdouble gate in an outer town wall闉闍
ʔititone; it X, all X, the whole of X;
It Nin, “the One Man”: the king
一,壹;
一人
ʔîtìtchoke
ʔitsits1. excellent, beautiful; deep
2. repress; repressed, dignified
ʔîtsìts1. overcast, windblown sky
2. kill; a fallen dead tree
ʔiwiw1. dark; Iw (You), last king of Western Tiw
2. the call of a deer
ʔîwʔ-kiwʔìwc-kiwcelegant, beautiful窈嬌
ʔîwʔ-lîwʔìwc-lìwcalluring窈窕
tsrajato pickle
tsraʔjac1. precipitous, dangerous, impenetrable
2. small sacrificial table
tsrâkjàkclear away trees and bushes
tsrâmʔjàmpto cut off, cut down
tsraŋJangZhuang, name of various nobles;
Jang Kyang (Zhuang Jiang), a noblewoman of Wets, see Ode 26
莊;
莊姜
tsraŋsjangsstrong, robust, great
tsrasjasto curse; an oath
tsrâwjàwnest
tsrekjekoblique, slanting
tsrêkjèkmat
tsrêŋjèngstrife, contend with one another; jèng X, fight about X
tsrêtsjètssuffer; distress
tsrîpurify oneself; purified
tsrinjin1. numerous, prolific
2. arrive, reach
3. hazel
tsrinJinZhen, a river of Henan
tsritjita comb
tsrojoa groom
tsrotjotto sprout
tsruJouZou, a personal and place name
tsrûʔjòucclaw
tsrusjouscrinkle
tsrəju1. black
2. newly cultivated field
tsrəkjukside; turn on its side
tsrəmsjumsto bad-mouth, accuse
tsrəpjup1. cluster together, swarm
2. collect, store; fold up (wings)
3. crowded together
tsrəsjus1. cleave apart
2. minced meat
3. standing dead tree
kaka1. grasp
2. netsuke gem
3. vehicle
4. a grammar word
kâ1. now, for the moment
2. guilt, crime
3. father’s sister
kaʔkac1. in the end
2. round basket
kaʔ,
kas
kac,
kas
dwell; sit down, repose; a position; tranquil
kaʔKacJu, a place name
kâʔkàc1. ancient
2. blind
3. slack, remiss, defective
4. drum; to play a percussion instrument
5. merchant
6. net
7. ram (male sheep)
8. thigh
kâkkàk1. each
2. shelf;
kàk-kàk, one above another like shelves
閣;
閣閣
kâkskàksstrong, firm
kâmkàmsweet;
kàm dàng, birchleaf pear
甘;
甘棠
kâmʔkàmpdare
kânkàn1. seek, get
2. dry
3. rod, pole竿
4. a shield
5. river bank; stream in a ravine; Kàn (Gan), a place name
kaŋkang1. limit, frontier
2. ? fierce, or ? uxorious, see Ode 49
kâŋkàng1. hard
2. controlling rope of a net; regulator, to regulate
3. hill, ridge
kanskansset up, establish
kânskànsto correct, keep in line
kaskas1. arrogant
2. depend on
3. “walking-stick tree”, see Ode 241
4. see kac, kas
kâskàs1. old, long acquaintance
2. turn one’s head and look; look with favour on; Kàs (Gu), a state
3. cause, reason
katkat1. rising straight and slender, as a lance
2. raise; high, tall
3. whole, integral
kâtkàtlablab bean and related vines (see Ode 2)
kâtskàtsnamely; yes indeed; and so; because
kawkaw1. elegant, beautiful
2. high; proud, arrogant
kâwkàw1. high
2. lamb
kawʔkawcstrong, warlike
kâwʔkàwcwhite or undyed silk
kâwskàwsgrease, ointment; moisten, enrich
kâjkày1. all right
2. sing; song
3. axe-handle
kajʔkaycpull aside
keke1. only
2. branch支,枝
kêchicken
keʔkeca grammar word; may it be so!; verbal exclamation mark
kêkkèkbeat a drum
kêm-krâkèm-kràrushes, sedge蒹葭
kênkèn1. shoulder
2. mature pig
kêŋKèngJing, a river of Shaanxi
kêŋkèngto plan; a norm;
kèng-weng, regulate
經;
經營
kênskènsto see
keskeswicked, malign
kêskèscontinue, connect
kêtkètpure
ketsketsto tailor clothes
kʰakha1. strong, robust
2. sleeve
3. mound, ruins, abandoned city
4. uprights of a musical-instrument stand
kʰaʔkhacput away, eliminate
kʰâʔkhàcbitter; sowthistle
kʰakkhakcoarse cloth
kʰâkkhàkrespect; reverent
kʰaŋKhangQiang, a western group of tribes
kʰâŋkhàngprosperous; at ease; joyful; Khàng (Kang), name of the third Tiw-dynasty king, and of a lord of Dzin
kʰâŋskhàngs1. high
2. to set up
kʰânskhànsrejoice
kʰaskhasgo away
kʰatkhat1. go away
2. martial-looking
kʰâtkhàtthirst, thirsty
kʰatskhats1. to rest愒,
2. lift one’s clothes
kʰawkhawvigorous, robust
kʰâjʔkhàycbe able to; khàyc Verb, Verbable, worth Verbing;
khàyc luc, can use X to do, (or just) can, be able
可;
可以
kʰeʔkhecstand on tiptoe
kʰêŋskhèngs1. empty; exhaustively罄,罊
2. musical stone
kʰêŋʔkhènkbe willing
kʰenskhensreprimand
kʰênskhènsbe visible, be like
kʰenʔkhentsend
kʰenʔ-kʷʰanʔkhent-kwhantcling to; attached closely繾綣
kʰeskhesslanting𢺵
kʰêt-kʰôtkhèt-khòtseparated, far apart契闊
kʰêtskhèts1. to notch a tortoise shell for divination
2. distressed; Khèts (Qi), ancestor of the Un dynasty, see Ode 303
3. separated, distanced
kʰîʔkhìc1. to open, lead the way
2. bow head to ground
3. kneel;
khìc-kac,
khìc-k’hlac, to rest, take a break
啟;
啟居,
啟處
kʰînkhìnlead a beast
kʰitskhitsthrow away, abandon
kʰlaʔkhlaclarge; large-mouthed
k-hlaʔk’hlacstay, dwell; to place, stay still; be tranquil
kʰlakkhlakred
k-hlaŋk’hlangsplendid, bright; to flourish
k-hlaŋsk’hlangsto lead singing, intone
kʰlajʔkhlaycenlarge
kʰloŋkhlongeven, just
k-hlunk’hlounstream, river
k-hlutk’hloutgo out, bring out, send out
k-hlutsk’hloutsbring out, take out
k-hləŋk’hlunglift up
k-hləŋsk’hlungsestimate, appreciate; equal to, corresponding to
kʰokhodrive forward; trot (see Ode 163)
kʰôʔkhòcmouth
kʰokkhoka bend; bent;
khok-gok, tangled
曲;
曲局
kʰôŋkhònghollow, empty
kʰôŋskhòngs1. to exhaust
2. pull up a horse; throw; throw oneself on, hence rush to
kʰoŋʔkhonkfear
kʰôŋʔkhònkvery, greatly
kʰôskhòsrobber
kʰotkhot1. gap, defect
2. watchtower over gateway
kʰûʔkhòuc1. old; deceased father
2. achieve, complete (a feast)
3. examine
4. to beat
5. a tree species, perhaps Ailanthus fordii
kʰunkhoungranary
kʰuŋkhounghouse, palace, temple
kʰutkhoutsubdue
kʰûtkhòutdig out
kʰôjkhòybeautiful𠏀
kʰrâkkhràkguest, visitor, stranger
kʰrankhranto tuck up one’s skirt
kʰraŋkhranga minister
kʰraŋskhrangshappiness, rejoice
kʰrôtskhròtscomfortable
kʰrûskhròusartful, skilful
kʰrəpkhrupweep silently
kʰrjankhryanerr, exceed
kʰəkhulike a demon mask
kʰəʔkhuc1. rise
2. matrimony-vine or boxthorn
3. a high-quality white millet
4. bare hillside
kʰə̂kkhùk1. self-controlled
2. can, be able to
3. crush, dominate
kʰəmkhum1. intense; solemn
2. coverlet
kʰə̂mkhùmable to bear, equal to
kʰə̂mʔkhùmpthump
kʰəpkhupdry, scorched
kʰə̂tskhùts1. sad
2. to sigh
kʰə̂jkhùyto open
kʰəjʔkhuychow?
kʰə̂jʔkhùychappy, joyous, pleasant豈,凱
k-hjuk’hyou1. ugly, wicked, ominous
2. multitude
k-hjusk’hyousstrong smell
k-hjəʔk’hyuc1. teeth
2. cooked millet, or to cook millet, esp. for a sacrifice饎,糦
kikifat, grease
kîhairpin
kiʔkic1. delicious
2. to point
3. bring about, settle
kimkimneedle;
Kim Hlàc (Zhen Hu), a nobleman of Dzin
鍼;
鍼虎
kimʔkimppillow
kînkìnhard, strong, solid
kitkit1. lucky, auspicious; Kit (Ji), a personal name
2. grasp
kîtkìtto tie, a knot
kiwkiwdown-curving (branch)
kiwʔkiwctwist
kîwskìwscall out, shout
klaʔklaclift, present offerings
klôkklòkvalley
klôŋklòngduke, prince; palace
kokocolt
kô1. curved
2. hook
koʔkocoriental raisin-tree
kôʔkòc1. if only; truly
2. old; old and wrinkled face
3. fish trap
4. filth
5. doesn’t matter
kôkkòk1. treat well; luck
2. grain; salary
3. paper mulberry, Broussonetia papyrifera
4. wheel hub
kônkòn1. cap
2. a groom, servant
koŋkongprovide, serve
kôŋkòng1. public, impartial
2. officiate; officer
3. effort, achievement, merit
koŋʔkonk1. strengthen
2. join hands; Konk (Gong), a state
koŋʔ,
koŋʔ-pek
konk,
konk-pek
ritual jade disc (see pek)珙,
珙璧
konskonslook on with affection眷,
kônskòns1. lodge; lodging-house
2. pour a sacrificial libation
3. perforate; fuck; serve
konʔkontto roll;
kont-nuc, mouse-ear chickweed
卷;
卷耳
kônʔkònttube, flute管,
kôskòs1. come across, meet
2. come/bring into conflict with, plot against
3. favour
4. lattice
5. pheasant’s call
kotkot1. his, her, its, their
2. “turtle-foot” fern, see Ode 14
kôtkòtChinese juniper; Kòt (Gui), a state
kôtskòtsto mince
kukou1. collect
2. pearl-necked dove
kûkòu1. large drum
2. bow-case, quiver; put in bow-case
3. lazy, incompetent;
Kòu Law (Gao Yao), Minister of Crime for the legendary emperor Hwins
臯,皋;
皋陶
kû mə̂nkòu mùnouter gate of citadel臯門
kuʔkouc1. nine
2. onion, leek, garlic
kûʔkòucpure, bright皓,
kukkouk1. full, ample
2. entirely
3. nourish
4. to address, inform
5. exhaust, go to extreme; destitute
6. handful
7. outside of river bend
kûkkòukannounce, report
kunkounfallow deer
kûnKòuna branch of the Luy tribes
kûnkòunelder brother;
Kòun-ngà (Kunwu), a state
昆;
昆吾
kuŋkoung1. body, person
2. palace, citadel; temple
kûŋkòungto work at; well-worked, solid
kûnʔkòunt1. cord
2. royal robe embroidered with dragons
kuskous1. rescue, help
2. go to extremes; extravagant
3. scrutinize
4. a stable
kûjkòuya kind of gemstone
kujskouysashamed
kôjkòypass by; Kòy (Guo), a stream
kôjʔ-rôjʔkòyc-ròyc1. potter wasp, Eumenes pomiformis蜾蠃
2. plant related to cucumber, see Ode 156果臝
krâkrà1. house, family; Krà (Jia), a personal name
2. rush, sedge
krâʔkràc1. great; abundance, felicity嘏,假
2. go to, esp. go to an ancestor’s temple to worship him
3. borrow;
kràc mits, “borrow sleep”: to have a nap without undressing
假;
假寐
4. a three-legged ‘jia’ wine bowl
krakkraka kind of lance or sword
krâkkràkarrive, spread out, extend to
krâmkràmlook at, inspect
krâmskràmsmirror
krânkrànred-grass, see Ode 139
kraŋkrangmound, hill; great; capital city
krâŋkràngsoup
krâŋ-ŋâʔkràng-ngàcseventh in the 60-day cycle庚午
kraŋskrangsto the end, entirely
krâŋskràngscontinue
kraŋʔkrank1. great
2. shadow; Krank (Jing), a hill in Henan
krâŋʔkrànksuffering, distress
krânskràns1. remonstrate, admonish
2. stream in a ravine
krânʔ lêkKrànt LèkJian Di, mother of Khèts, q.v.簡狄
krâpkràp1. familiar, be familiar with
2. shell, leather body-armour
krâskràs1. grain; to sow
2. for a woman to marry
krâwkràwarea outside city wall
krâwʔkràwc1. artful, crafty
2. beautiful
3. rude
krâwkkràwkchariot sidebars, used as elbow-rests
krâwskràwsteach; instruction
krâjkrày1. obtain, hit
2. excellent, delicious, happy; to approve;
krày-nga, barbel
嘉;
嘉魚
3. a hairpin jewel
krâjskràysa yoke, to yoke
krênkrèn1. orchid
2. intervening space, middle, among, in; insert
kreŋkreng1. attentive; afraid
2. bramble, thorny; Kreng (Jing), a southern tribe later absorbed into China as Chac, q.v.
krêŋkrèngto plough
kreŋskrengsrespectful, careful
krêŋʔkrènkwide awake
krênskrènsreplace
krênʔkrènt1. loud, great
2. nonchalant
3. bamboo writing-slip
krêpkrèpbe on both sides of
krêskrèsidle, careless, remiss
krêtskrèts1. increase, enlarge; great
2. fishscale
3. boundary
krikria fast, hunger
krîkrì1. cold
2. in unison
3. stair, (hence) promoter
krî, krîʔkrì, krìcall; in accord; together, to coincide; complete; plentiful;
krìc ròuc, “grow old together”: (be one’s) spouse
皆,偕;
偕老
kriʔkrica stool, small table;
kric-kric, decorated with studs
几;
几几
krîtkrìthold up flaps of skirt to make a carryingpocket
krîtskrìtsreach to; a limit; to moderate oneself
krîwkrìw1. glue; to fasten together
2. sound of cock crow
krôkkròk1. horn, (or by extension) beak
2. rafter, horizontal branch
krônkrònbar, barrier; also used for kòns, perforate, q.v.
kroŋkrongreverent, respectful, sincere
krôŋKròngthe Yangtze (though see pp. 6–7)
krônskròns1. custom, usage
2. child’s hair bunches
kroskrossandal, shoe
kruʔkrouc1. wheel-hub
2. a wide ‘gui’ food bowl
krûʔkròucdisturb
krûkkròuk1. straight
2. wake up
krûŋskròungsdescend, send down
krôjkròybay horse with black mouth
krə̂kkrùk1. change
2. animal hide
krə̂mʔkrùmpabridge, moderate
krənkrunheadcloth
krə̂nkrùndistress, difficulty; difficult
krə̂skrùs1. guard against, warn; careful; be ready for
2. press, harass
krjankryanfaulty, fault
krjâwkryàwto cross; across one another
ku1. foundation, to found
2. winnowing-basket
3. a question particle
kəʔkucleading thread; regulate; rule, norm
kə̂ʔkùcchange
kəkkuk1. hurry; urgently; rapid
2. harassing
3. thorns; jujube tree
4. collar
kəmkum1. now
2. gold, bronze, metal generally
3. collar
kəmʔkumpbrocade, patterned silk
kə̂mʔkùmptouch, budge
kəŋkungcautious, fear
kə̂ŋskùngsspread out, everywhere
kənskunsperspicuous
kənʔkunt1. cautious
2. (probably) violet-cress
kəpkupurgent; Kup (Ji), a personal name
kə̂pkùpknee-cover
kəskus1. this, that
2. a closing grammar word忌,䢋
kətskutsmarker of perfect tense; entirely, all; since, when
kə̂tskùtswash, throw water on
kəjkuy1. near, imminent
2. famine
kəjʔkuyca few; how many?
kʷâkwà1. wail
2. a net
kʷaʔKwacJu, a clan name
kʷaʔkwacsolitary
kʷakskwaksanxious; flurried
kʷânkwànlook, look at, see
kʷâŋkwàng1. broad, extensive
2. brightness
3. rushing water; fierce
kʷâŋʔkwànkwide
kʷânskwàns1. heron
2. dense growth
kʷânʔkwàntfatigue; exhausted, helpless, lacking anything to rely on
kʷâtkwàt1. bring together, bind
2. to purl (flowing water)
kʷâjkwàyhalberd, see Ode 151
kʷajʔkwayc1. dilapidated
2. perverse, wily
kʷêkwèjade tablet of rank, see Ode 238
kʷênkwènpurify; pure
kʷêŋkwèng1. sturdy (horse)
2. outlying area far from the capital
kʷêŋʔkwènklight of fire
kʷêtkwèt1. a buckle
2. archer’s thimble, see Ode 60
kʷʰâkkwhàk1. wide, ample
2. leather
kʷʰânkwhànwide; open-hearted
kʷʰaŋkwhang1. succour, assist, regulate
2. square basket
kʷʰâŋskwhàngsdesolate, waste
kʷʰâtkwhàtseparated, far apart
kʷʰajkwhaydamage, injure, destroy
kʷʰeʔkwhecsplit bands, see Ode 217
kʷʰeŋkwheng1. slanting;
kwheng-kwhang, a basket with slanting sides for gathering crops
頃;
頃筐
2. turn over, overthrow
kʷʰêŋʔkwhènkan unlined hempen garment
kʷʰetkwhetto break, splinter
kʷʰînʔkwhìnta dog
kʷʰîtkwhìtto be at rest
kʷʰrâtkwhràtbig oneself up, boast
kʷʰəkwhuhill
kʷʰəŋkwhunghole, hollow
kʷʰə̂ŋkwhùngleather-covered leaning-board of carriage
kʷʰə̂nʔkwhùntalley between buildings in a palace compound
kʷinkwineven, equal, adjusted
kʷitskwits1. young; youngest son; Kwits (Ji), grandfather of king Mac
2. autumn
kʷrâkwràmelon
kʷrâʔkwràcsolitary, widow;
kwràc tsùy, “sole wife”: principal wife, consort
寡;
寡妻
kʷrâŋkwràngdrinking-horn
kʷraŋʔkwrankfar away
kʷrînkwrìnwidow
kʷrəkwrutortoise; Kwru (Gui), a mountain range in southern Shandong
kʷrəʔkwrucspring gushing from a rock wall氿
kʷrə̂kkwrùkbehead
kʷrə̂nkwrùnwidower; “widower-fish”, see Ode 104
kʷəʔkwuc1. long time
2. a precious stone, perhaps obsidian
kʷə̂kkwùka country, state
kʷənkwun1. prince;
kwun-tzuc, “princely man”, see p. 15
君;
君子
2. army
kʷəŋkwungbow (for shooting)
kʷə̂ŋkwùngarm, upper arm
kʷəskwussuffering, distress
kʷəjkwuygo home, go where one belongs; for a bride to go to her new home
kʷəjʔkwuycdevil, ghost
kjaŋKyangJiang, a clan name;
Kyang Ngwan (Jiang Yuan), mother of the Millet Lord, see Ode 245
姜;
姜嫄
kjawkyawbright, illustrious
kjawʔkyawcglorious
kjâwʔkyàwcbright皦,皎
kjəKyuJi, a clan name
lala1. I, we
2. rich, abundant
3. upward-curling
4. surplus, remains
5. falcon flag
6. field which was already cultivated in the previous season
7. a closing grammar-word
lâ1. mud; plaster, to plaster
2. bitter; dandelion, sowthistle (see Ode 237)
laʔlac1. and, with; help, associate with
2. I, me
3. give與,予
4. wild country
lâʔlàcglutinous rice
laklak1. great, ample, amply-growing, abundant
2. pleased; pleasant, mild
3. fed up with; dislike射,斁
lakLakYi, a mountain in southern Shandong
lâklàkunderclothes
lâkslàkssounding full-bodied (music)
lamlamattract with a bait, provoke
lâmlàm1. aflame
2. speak, chat
lanlanbamboo mat
laŋlang1. sunny; elated; the “Yang” of Yin v. Yang; the southerly side of a hill or northerly side of a valley; the tenth moon
2. to lift, stir, raise, winnow
3. poplar
4. forehead
5. battle-axe
6. sparrowhawk
7. metal frontlet for horse
lâŋlànga kind of cicada
lâŋʔlànk1. immense, grand; smooth
2. carefree, extravagant
lânʔlànt1. disorderly
2. an opening particle
laplap1. leaf
2. generation, epoch
laslas1. joy, amusement, recreation; praise, renown譽,豫
2. some black bird, perhaps raven
latlattoil, fatigue, suffering
latslats1. to drag, trail; dragging, slow-moving曳,泄
2. be dispersed; relieved; leisurely, comfortable洩,泄
3. babble; garrulous
lawlawpleased with oneself
lâwlàw1. abscond, avoid
2. peach tree;
làw droung, “peach insect”: wren
桃;
桃蟲
3. small hand drum
lajlaycompliant, conceited, pretentious
lâjlày1. flow
2. tress of several threads
lajʔlaycterminates an assertion; A B layc, A is B
leklek1. lizard
2. raised border dividing fields
lêkLèkDi, tribes of the north, including the Hamp-sòn, q.v.
lekslekseasy; well-cultivated
lemʔlemppointed, sharp
lêmʔlèmphorse with hairy legs
leŋleng1. fill; full
2. pillar
lêŋlèng1. straight, upright
2. court; attend court
3. thunderclap
lêŋslèngspalace courtyard
lêplèpfear
lêtlètblack horse
l̥alha1. relax; at leisure; Lha (Shu), a small tribe near Lujiang, Anhui
2. writing, document
l̥aʔlhac1. put aside, let go, let off
2. summer heat
l̥aklhak1. put away
2. wash rice
3. to sting
4. lay open
l̥âklhàkdead leaves
l̥akslhaksall, numerous, abundant; the crowd, the people; probably, possibly, would that …;
lhaks-kuy, more or less, possibly, it is to be hoped
庶;
庶幾
l̥âmʔlhàmpyoung silvergrass
l̥aŋlhang1. flowing abundantly
2. to wound, afflict
l̥aŋLhangoriginal name (Shang) of the Un dynasty
l̥âŋlhànghot liquid, soup; Lhàng (Tang), the first Un dynasty king
l̥aslhashalt, stay overnight
l̥âslhàshare, rabbit;
lhàs-tza, net for trapping rabbits
兔;
兔罝
l̥atslhatsgeneration; from generation to generation
l̥âwlhàwrestless
l̥ajlhayset a net, spread out
l̥âjlhàyother它,他
l̥âjʔlhàyclay burden on
l̥ajslhaysbestow, give; spread out, extend
l̥eʔlhecpig
l̥eklhekproceed to, to suit, to like, to fall in with
l̥êklhèk1. distant; keep at a distance, remove逷,逖
2. anxious; anxiety
3. grieved
4. to cut
l̥êkslhèksswaddling clothes, wrapper
l̥êmʔlhèmpto disgrace
l̥êŋlhèng1. slow, slack
2. hear; sound
l̥eŋslhengswise, a sage
l̥êŋslhèngsto listen to someone, obey
l̥eplheparcher’s thimble
l̥ilhi1. to set something out, preside
2. corpse; Lhi, living representative of ancestor receiving a sacrifice
l̥i-kulhi-koucuckoo鳲鳩
l̥iʔlhic1. to display, marshal, extend, spread out; swear, make a solemn declaration
2. arrow
l̥inlhin1. extend; repeat; Lhin (Shen), a state申,伸
2. body;
wuc lhin, “have body”: be pregnant
身;
有身
l̥inʔlhinthow much more, a fortiori
l̥itlhit1. lose, fail
2. room; house
l̥îwlhìwgather mulberry leaves for silkworms
l̥olhotilt, overturn
l̥oklhokbind; a bundle
l̥oŋlhongthresh grain with pestle and mortar
l̥otlhotto speak, to excuse
l̥ôtlhòtpeel off, take away; escape, disappear
l̥otslhotshalt, make overnight stop
l̥ôtslhòts1. easy, leisurely
2. withdraw, flee
l̥ûlhòu1. voluminous flow, overflowing; reckless
2. go away, pass on
l̥uʔlhouchead; used for counting animals, cf. “three head of cattle”
l̥ujʔlhouycwater; river
l̥əlhupoetry
l̥ə̂lhùpufferfish
l̥əʔlhucbegin
l̥əklhuk1. know
2. adorn; ornament
3. to use;
lhuk muy, it’s no use
式;
式微
4. a model; follow a model
5. equivalent to nu, q.v.
l̥ə̂klhùkmake a mistake; deceitful
l̥əkslhuksto apply; to test, (hence) to vie with
l̥əŋlhung1. go up
2. measure of capacity, about a quart
l̥əŋslhungsconquer
l̥jâwlhyàwmean, ungenerous
l̥jâwklhyàwkjump躍,趯
lilia plant, perhaps Orontium aquaticum
lîmʔlìmpbamboo mat
lînlìnfield, cultivated land; to “take the field”, i.e. hunt
linslins1. trace (linking draught horse to vehicle)
2. small “introducer” drum
lînslìns1. bring into cultivation, put in order田,甸
2. lightning
linʔlintto lead, prolong
litlitbe at ease
lîtlìt1. alternate
2. stem of melon or gourd
litslits1. remnant; a remaining branch
2. toil
lîtslìtscherry tree
lîwlìw1. long, drawn-out
2. metal-ornamented
3. pale chub, Zacco platypus
4. branch
5. rowan
lîwklìwk1. advance; promote
2. cleanse; cleansed, denuded, dried up
lolo1. enjoy; enjoyable
2. pass or jump over
3. change
4. David elm, Ulmus davidiana
loʔloc1. to increase
2. sickness, suffering
loklokto wish
lôklòkrecite, read
loksloksliberal, indulgent
loŋlong1. use; be busy; Long (Yong), a clan name
2. contain, hold, admit
3. a wall, to wall
4. appearance
5. large bell
6. ceremonial knife
loŋLongYong, a place-name (see p. 83)
loŋslongsto use; by means of; X longs, because of X
loŋʔlonk1. brave
2. jump
lotlot1. pleased, glad
2. hole, burrow
lôtlòtsnatch, rob
lôtslòtsopen a way through
lulouscoop grain from a mortar
lûlòu1. rope
2. pottery, to mould; a potter; a kiln
luʔlouc1. to lead, entice
2. window
lûʔlòuc1. way, road
2. rice paddy (the crop before threshing)
lukloukto rear, breed, nourish
luŋloungextensive, protracted
lûŋlòung1. red
2. hot vapour
lûnʔlòuntwithdraw, skulk, escape; evasive遯,遁
lûslòus1. mobile, shifting, inconstant
2. show the way, explain, speak
3. gallop
lutloutthereupon
lôjʔlòyclong and narrow mountain
lu1. give詒,貽
2. sweet rice cakes
lə̂Tai, a small state in Shaanxi
ləʔluc1. to use, employ, treat; with, by means of; A luc, with A, thanks to A, because of A;
luc A way B, to consider A as B, treat A as B
以;
以A為B
2. to stop, end
3. a word making the preceding words an assertion; a syllable inserted for rhythm; oh!
lə̂ʔlùc1. idle, negligent
2. come to; when
3. danger, dangerous; (hence) possibly, perhaps
ləklukshoot arrow with string attached; Luk (Yi), a clan name
ləksluksdifferent, strange, rare
lə̂kslùksgeneration; from generation to generation
ləmlumgreat
lə̂mlùm1. spread, extend
2. speak; Lùm (Tan), a state
ləŋlunga fly
lə̂ŋlùng1. rise
2. tie, band
lənslunsdescendants, posterity
lə̂plùpbabble; garrulity
lə̂tslùts1. in the extreme
2. come to, come forward
ləjluy1. level, even, peaceful; Luy (Yi), tribes of the east
2. custom, institution
3. rule, law, norm; regular
4. sister-in-law
ljâwlyàwcome, go
ljawklyawktapering
ljâwklyàwkpheasant feather
ljawkslyawksgleam, shine; brightness燿,曜
mama1. there is not, not have, don’t! Ma X, is X not so?
2. deceive
ma X, ma Yma X, ma Yfail to distinguish X from Y無X無Y
maʔmac1. military, warlike; Mac (Wu), first Tiw dynasty king;
mac-pa, warrior;
Mac Tèng (Wu Ding), the last able Un king
武;
武夫;
武丁
2. big, important
3. dance
4. footprint
mâʔmàcto plan, counsel
mâkmàk1. not have, there is no-one who …
2. to plan, deliberate, settle
3. suffering, distress
4. luxuriant plant growth
mâksmàks1. evening, late
2. a grave
3. a plant, probably sorrel
maŋmang1. disappear, exile, there isn’t; mang X, mang Y, same as ma X, ma Y, q.v.
2. forget
3. look towards, admire
mâŋmàngextensive
maŋʔmank1. be without, lack
2. deceive; be deceived, confused
3. net
mansmans1. extended, long
2. creeper; creep, spread over
mânsmàns1. ten thousand
2. scorpion
mâtmàtfeed grain to horses
mawmaw1. wild-cat
2. a sprout
3. a hunt, esp. one held in summer
mâwmàw1. eminent, fine
2. hair;
màw-bròu, pig roasted after hair removed by scalding
毛;
毛炰
3. long hair, mane; Màw (Mao), a tribe
4. ox-tail pennon
5. backward-sloping; Màw, a hill
mâwsmàws1. very old, senile
2. gather
mâjmàygrind, polish
majʔmayc1. not, there is not
2. slowly
mdunmdounriver bank, esp. overhanging lip
mdənmdunmorning;
mdun-pum, “morning breeze”: falcon
晨;
晨風
meme1. complete
2. extensively
meʔmec1. finish, stop, cease
2. strong flow in river
3. a bow (for shooting) having ends capped with bone
mêkmèkcover of elbow-rest at front of carriage
meŋmengname; fame
mêŋ-lə̂kmèng-lùka caterpillar destructive to crops螟螣
mêŋ-rêŋmèng-rèngcotton bollworm, Heliothis armigera螟蛉
mêŋʔmènkdark, darkness
mensmensface
menʔment1. in a continuous row; long and thin, long drawn-out; tiny, delicate;
ment-mròn, delicate
綿,緜;
綿蠻
2. flowing heavily
4. ment X, sink something in X
metmetextinguish
mêtmètdestroy
m̥âŋmhàngcover, extend, enlarge; extensive, regard as extensive; excess; weed-covered, waste
m̥âwsmhàwsdiminish, waste
m̥ajmhayto signal
m̥ajʔmhayc1. demolish
2. blazing fire; Mhayc (Hui), a ruler
m̥etmhetdestroy, extinguish
m̥ûnmhòunsuffering, distress
m̥ə̂ʔmhùc1. obscure; darkness
2. sea
3. property, valuables
m̥ə̂kmhùkblack
m̥ə̂nmhùn1. disorderly
2. dusk; dark (literally or psychologically)
3. marriage; wife; relative by marriage;
mhùn in, marriage
昏;
昏姻
m̥ə̂n-trôkmhùn-tròkeunuch昏椓
m̥ə̂ŋmhùngnumerous
m̥ə̂smhùs1. instruct
2. regret
m̥ə̂tmhùtdestroy
m̥əjmhuygood, admirable
m̥ə̂jʔmhùycfire
mîto go astray
minminpeople
minʔmintto ruin, destroy; troubled, disorderly
mitsmitsfall asleep
mlamlaremiss
mlakmlakhit with arrow
mlaksmlaksshoot
mlatmlattongue
mlajmlaysnake
mlinmlina spirit
mlitmlit1. fill, stop up; full; solid
2. fruit
mlokmlokredeem
mlunsmlounsfollow, accord with; submissive
mlunʔmlountshield
mlutmloutfollow the right path
mləkmlukeat
mləŋmlung1. continue; in a continuing line
2. to mount, ride, drive
3. string, cord
mləŋsmlungschariot; team of four horses
moʔmocdespise, insult
môʔmòcthumb, big toe
môkmòk1. wash one’s hair
2. tree;
mòk gwàs, “tree melon”: Chinese quince, Pseudocydonia sinensis
木;
木瓜
3. ornamental leather band round carriage pole
môŋmòng1. full
2. darkened, blind夢,
3. to cover;
Mòng shàn (Meng Shan), a mountain range in southern Shandong
蒙;
蒙山
4. sky dark with rain
môŋʔmònkdense, luxuriant
mumou1. lance
2. insects, esp. eelworm
3. barley
4. long tufts of hair worn uncut by children𩭾
muʔmouca stallion, or other male quadruped
mukmouk1. stately, splendid; Mouk (Mu), a personal name
2. eye
munmouncord; wrap round, envelop
musmous1. flourishing, beautiful
2. 5th, 15th, 25th etc. in the 60-day cycle
mûsmòus1. make an effort, enforce
2. look down on
3. to trade貿
mutmoutobject, thing; quality; to sort by quality
mûtmòutto exhaust
mujmouy1. margin of river
2. eyebrow
mujMouyMei, a place name
mujʔmouycbeautiful
mujsmouyslove; lovable
mrâʔmràchorse
mrâkMràkMo, a northern tribe
mrâkmràksettle, still, silent; calm and respectful
mraŋmrang1. bright;
Mrang Sèng, “bright star”: the Morning Star
明;
明星
2. covenant, treaty
mrâŋmràngsnake’s-head lily
mrâŋsmràngsfirstborn; eldest brother; Mràngs (Meng), a personal name
mrânsmrànsslow
mranʔmrantmake an effort; vigorous𪟟
mrâsmràssacrifice made in camp to the Spirits of the Soil
mrâtsmràts1. displeased; dislike
2. proceed, march
mrâwkmràwkdistant, far-reaching, extensive
mrawsmrawstemple for the dawn sacrifice
mrâjmràyhemp
mrêk-mrôkmrèk-mròkdrizzle霢霂
mreŋmreng1. to command, a mandate; one’s destiny, one’s life
2. bird or animal call;
mreng-kou, turtledove
鳴;
鳴鳩
mritmritsilent, quiet, secret; dense; Mrit (Mi), a tribe
mrônmrònsavage; Mròn (Man), a category of tribal people, see Ode 261
mrôŋmròng1. great, ample
2. shaggy dog;
mròng-nong, shaggy
尨;
尨茸
mrûmròucogon grass (see p. 64)
mrûʔMròucthe Pleiades
mrûʔmròucwater-shield (see p. 367)
mrə̂mrùwind whirling up dust
mrə̂kmrùkwheat
mrənmrunsevere, austere
mrə̂ŋmrùngthe population
mrənʔmruntpity, pitiable; Mrunt, a ruler of Wets
mrənʔ-mranʔmrunt-mranttoil heavily黽勉
mu1. don’t!
2. to plan, scheme; to consult
mə̂1. flourishing, abundant, rich
2. plum tree
3. a go-between (to arrange marriages)
4. type of large dog collar
məʔmucmother
mə̂ʔmùc1. each
2. diligent, active
3. measure of land, about a seventh of an acre
məkmukto herd; a herdsman; pasture;
Muk Lac (Muye), Herdsman’s Heath, site of Tiw conquest of Un
牧;
牧野
mənmun1. hear
2. design; ornate, striped; accomplished; civil rather than military; Mun (Wen), father of Mac;
Mun Kyang (Wen Jiang), sister of a Dzì ruler, see Ode 104;
mun nin, “cultured people”: one’s forebears
文;
文姜;
文人
mə̂nmùn1. lay hand on, hold
2. gate, door
3. river gorge
4. red millet
məŋmungdream
mənsmuns1. ask, enquire; ask after, hence care about
2. be heard; fame
mənsMunsWen, a river of Shandong
mə̂smùspain, distress
mətmutdon’t!
mətsmutsnot yet
mə̂tsmùts1. younger sister
2. dyed with madder
3. dusk, dark
mə̂tsMùtsWei, a town in Henan
məjmuy1. reduced, hidden, eclipsed; muy X, it isn’t that X
2. royal fern
mə̂jmùybranch, twig; a gag; a board
məjʔmuyc1. cute
2. vigorous
3. tail
mə̂jʔmùycsmooth-flowing
mjawʔmyawcsmall; regard as small
nana1. as, like (pu na, “not like”: not as good as); as if; if;
X na tu gày, X na gày: what about X? how is X?
Na X na Y: like X Y, like the Y of X
如(不如);
X如(之)何;
如X如Y
2. go to, proceed to
3. equivalent to nu or nan, qq.v.
nâwife and children
na-rana-ramadder plant茹藘
naʔnac1. you
2. to swallow, eat
naʔNacRu, a river of Henan
nâʔnàcangry
naknakagree, be concordant to; like, as; a grammar word
nâknàkagree, say yes
nannan-ly (suffix forming adverbs); so, thus; approve, affirm
nânnàndifficult; difficult to obtain
naŋnang1. heavy with dew
2. steal
3. push aside, pull treetrunks away
nâŋnànga sack
naŋsnangsyield
naŋʔnankgrain growing abundantly
nânsnànsdifficulty, calamity
nanʔnantto fear
nasnascalculate, examine
nâjnàymuch, ample; beautiful
nâjʔnàycrich, fine
neʔnec1. you, your
2. near;
nec ngan, “near words”: shallow words
邇;
邇言
nêʔnèc1. numerous
2. flowering, luxuriant
nêʔNècNi, a place-name
nêŋnèng1. why, how?
2. would that; rather
3. peace; tranquil
nênsnènssunlight, heat
netnethot
ŋangafish
ŋâ-dôŋngà-dòngwutong tree (see p. 310)梧桐
ŋaʔngac1. speech, speak
2. border, frontier
3. opponent; refractory; oppose, withstand
4. tiger-shaped clapper for music
ŋâʔngàcfive
ŋâkngàk1. suddenly
2. beat drums, make a loud noise
ŋamngamorderly, well-trained; stern, majestic
ŋamʔngampdignified
ŋanngan1. I, we
2. high and large; Ngan (Yan), a placename
3. speech, to speak
4. a grammar word, or syllable inserted for rhythm; X ngan, when X
ŋâŋngàng1. I, we
2. high
ŋaŋʔnganklook up to卬,仰
ŋansngansadornment; talented
ŋânsngàns1. high river-bank
2. prison
ŋanʔnganthilltop
ŋapngap1. strong; terrible
2. crossbeam of musical-instrument stand
ŋasngas1. set forth, present
2. tell
3. charioteer; officer, attendant; to direct, drive, manage
ŋâsngàs1. wake; awake
2. meet; face to face
ŋatngat1. calamity
2. sucker, shoot from base of tree
3. a high-piled hairstyle
ŋatsngats1. white-haired
2. govern, regulate; hence, make stable
3. mow, hence cut off, end
ŋâtsngàtsmugwort, or some other artemisia species
ŋâwngàw1. tall; Ngàw (Ao), a hill in Henan
2. amuse oneself, stroll about; a pleasureground
3. distress call of birds; clamouring voices嗷,囂
ŋawkngawkcruel; oppress, maltreat
ŋâwsngàwsproud, arrogant
ŋajngay1. to estimate
2. dignity; decorum; a ceremony, rule; right, proper, to approve; to set in order; liable宜,儀
ŋâjngày1. high
2. slanting
3. mugwort
ŋajʔngaycsilkworm moth
ŋâjʔngàycI, me
ŋajsngays1. righteous
2. plan for, discuss, criticize
ŋengebaby, child
ŋêkngèk“pheasant plant”, see Ode 142
ŋetsngetsto sow, to plant
ŋ̊aʔnghacapprove, allow, admit; Nghac (Xu), name of a city or state
ŋ̊âʔnghàcriver bank
ŋ̊annghanhigh-rising
ŋ̊ansnghans1. offer, present, make a gift; show, display
2. a model
ŋ̊ânʔnghàntrare
ŋ̊awknghawkto ridicule, joke
ŋ̊ajnghaya beast used as sacrificial offering, see Ode 300
ŋ̊êknghèkwrangle
ŋ̊ramʔnghrampprecipitous; a precipitous track
ŋongo1. ignorant, stupid
2. corner
ŋôʔngòc1. a pair
2. two ploughmen working as a team
ŋokngok1. jade
2. trial at law
ŋonngonprincipal, eldest; great
ŋoŋngonggreat, dignified
ŋonsngonswish, long for
ŋosngoshappen to meet
ŋû-sjaŋngòu-syanggo to and fro翱翔
ŋûtngòutshake
ŋôjngòy1. false
2. move, change訛,吪
ŋrângràtooth
ŋrâʔngràca musical instrument; a ritual dance; correct, proper; see p. 18
ŋrakngrakrebellious
ŋrâmngràmrocky, lofty
ŋrânngrànface, complexion, colour
ŋraŋngrangmeet
ŋraŋsngrangsgo to meet, receive
ŋransngransconsole, condole
ŋrânsngrànswild goose雁,鴈
ŋrâsngràsmeet
ŋrâwkngràwkmusic
ŋrâwksngràwksjoy, rejoice
ŋrinsngrinsto be willing
ŋrôkngròka mountain, peak, esp. a holy mountain
ŋrôjʔngròyctile
ŋəʔngucluxuriant growth of grain
ŋəkngukstop, settle, stand still, stand up straight and firm
ŋəŋngungfreeze, coagulate
ŋətngutgreat
ŋʷangwa1. consider, think anxiously about, foresee; Ngwa (Yu), a small state, also another name for Hwins, q.v.
2. rejoice
3. gamekeeper
ŋʷângwàshout
ŋʷaʔngwacgreat, tall; numerous, in crowds俁,麌,噳
ŋʷanngwan1. a high plain
2. a spring原,源
3. red horse with white belly (?)
ŋʷatngwatmoon
ŋʷâtsngwàtsoutside
ŋʷajsngwaysdeceitful, false
ŋʷəngwucow
ŋʷəjngwuyhigh; Ngwuy (Wei), a state
ŋjawngyawplants used for fuel
n̥aʔnhac1. mouse, rat
2. foxtail millet, Setaria italica
3. suffering, grief
n̥ânnhànsigh歎,嘆
n̥aŋʔnhankbring food to workers in field
n̥ansnhansto blaze
n̥epnhephand things to, assist, encourage to eat and drink
n̥etnhetestablish
n̥imʔnhimpto report, remonstrate
n̥uʔnhouchand
n̥uknhouk1. gather, harvest
2. beans, pulses
3. third son; Nhouk (Shu), a personal name
n̥ôjʔnhòyctranquil, relaxed
n̥rəmnhruma precious object
n̥ə̂knhùkevil, wrong
n̥əmnhumdeep
nîmud
nîʔnìcwet with dew; luxuriant
nîmsnìmsthink of, remember
ninnin1. good, benevolent
2. man, person
nînnìnharvest; year
nitnitsun, a day
nitsnitstwo;
nits, nits sùm: double-hearted, changeable, unreliable
二,
貳;二三
nîwknìwkhungry for; hungrily; dissatisfied
nonomoisten; wet, glossy
noʔnocstrong (drink)
noknokdisgrace
noŋnonggreat, ample, rich
nôŋnòngthick, heavy (dew)
nosnoschild; mild, gentle
notsNotsRui, a state
notsnotsinside of river bend
nunousoft, gentle; a pliable shoot
nûnòumonkey
nuʔnouctread, trample
nunnouna large variety of ox
nuŋnoung1. you, your
2. great
3. help
4. weapon; war chariot; Noung (Rong), tribes of the west
nûŋnòungagriculture
nusnousmake pliable, tranquillize
nûtsnòutsinside
nujnouytassel, pennon
nraʔnracgirl, woman; (hence) smaller
nraʔ-râjnrac-ràydodder (a parasitic weed)女蘿
nrâwnràw1. disorderly
2. clamour
nrâwNràwNao, a hill in Shandong
nruʔnrouc1. practise, repeat
2. a tree species, related to cherry
nrəknruknear; be familiar with
nu1. subordinates preceding clause to what follows
2. equivalent to nan, q.v.
3. you
nəʔnucear
nə̂ʔnùc1. you
2. then, thereupon; but then
3. can, be able to; endure
4. treat well
nəmnum1. great
2. to carry, to load; support, sustain, endure; strong; Num (Ren), mother of Mun
nə̂mnùm1. male
2. south
3. a ritual dance
nəmʔnumpa type of large bean
nəmʔ-namʔnump-nampsoft, flexible荏染
nəŋnung1. in a long row
2. repeat; accumulated
nənsnunsfull
nənʔnuntendure; cruel
nəpnupto enter
nə̂pnùp1. convey
2. fixed rein, see Ode 128
nəsnussinew
nə̂snùslarge tripod
njâwknyàwkto sink
njotnyotto sow, plant
ʔôòthorn-elm, Hemiptelea davidii
ʔôkòkhouse, roof
ʔon-ʔaŋon-angmandarin duck鴛鴦
ʔoŋong1. harmonious
2. cooked rice, prepared food
3. ceremonial hall
4. city moat
ʔoŋʔonkto cover
ʔonsonsresent, resentment
ʔonʔont1. beautiful, gentle
2. obliging, polite
3. small; Ont (Wan), a hill in Drin
4. elude
ʔososone’s fill of food or drink
ʔôsòssoak
ʔôtsòtsto screen
ʔuou1. grief, grieved
2. mild, generous, ample;
ou-you, relaxed, indulgent, mild
優,
優游
3. doe
ʔuʔ-duʔouc-douctranquil懮受
ʔukouk1. warm, genial奥,燠
2. richly growing crop
3. a cove
4. Vitis bryoniifolia
ʔûnòunwarm, gentle
ʔunsounshate, anger
ʔunʔountaccumulate, block up; sultry
ʔutout1. pent-up feeling; oppressed
2. wither
3. luxuriant growth
4. Oriental bush cherry
ʔutsouts1. to comfort, be quiet
2. to screen
3. Artemisia japonica
ʔujouyterrified, overawed, to terrify; dignity;
ouy-ngay, dignity
威;
威儀
ʔujsouysto fear
ʔojoywither
ʔoj-lajoy-lay1. compliant, complaisant委蛇,委佗
2. serpentine, long and winding逶迤
papaman, fellow
paʔpac1. great; Pac (Fu), a state
2. axe
3. embroidered with axe motifs
4. biltong
5. an honorific suffix: A-pac, Master A父,甫
pâʔpàcmend
pâkpàk1. wide, ample
2. hoe
panpanhedge, fence
paŋpang1. just then, just now; by the side of
2. take a place, occupy
3. begin
4. square, cardinal direction, region; regular, norm, pattern; Pang (Fang), a personal and place name
5. raft
pâŋpàngbang!彭,旁
panʔpantto turn, reverse; contrary, on the contrary;
pant-juk, fidget
反;
反側
paspas1. give, distribute; tax
2. assist;
pas-ngas, manager, steward
傅;
傅御
pâspàs1. cloth
2. a park; vegetable plot
patpat1. great, greatly
2. shoot; to start, to open; go away; set going, implement a practice; rapid, rushing
3. hair of head
pâtpàt1. establish order, arrange
2. sound of splash
patspatsfail; cast aside
pâtspàts1. uprooted
2. cowrie shell
pawpaw1. ample
2. run
3. to weed
4. horse’s bit
pâwkpàwkembroidered coat collar
pajpay1. river bank
2. brown and white bear
pâjpày1. warlike
2. a wave
pajʔpaycthat, the
pâjʔ,
pâjʔ-laŋ
pàyc,
pàyc-lang
winnow簸,
簸揚
pâjspàysto sow
pepelow
peʔpec1. to cause; so that
2. consider
pekpek1. ruler, prince
2. jade emblem of rank, disc-shaped with a central hole
pênpènfruit basket
peŋpengall together
peŋʔpenkremove
pêŋʔ-pôŋʔpènk-pònkscabbard ornament (see Ode 213)鞞琫
pênspènsall round, universally
penʔpentnarrow
pênʔpèntthin and flat
petpetturtle
pets-pətspets-putsshady, luxuriant蔽芾
pʰaphaextend, spread out; extensively敷,鋪
pʰâphàsuffering, exhausted, disabled
pʰâʔphàc1. great, vast
2. river bank
pʰâkphàksound of rapid chariots
pʰanphan1. to wave, flutter; fickle, frivolous
2. spread the wings, fly, fly about
3. a turn; Phan (Fan), a personal name
pʰaŋphangheavy snowfall
pʰâŋphàngheavy flow
pʰaŋsphangsenquire, scrutinize
pʰânsphàns1. melt
2. shore
3. semicircular pool
pʰâns-hʷânsphàns-hwànsundisciplined, unbridled, relaxed伴奐,判渙
pʰatsphatslung
pʰâtsphàtsdense
pʰâjsphàysbreak
pʰekphekdepraved, perverse
pʰeksphekscompare; example
pʰenphen1. oblique, inclined to one side
2. fly to and fro, flutter
pʰeŋsphengsenquire
pʰitphitone of a pair; correspond to; peer
pʰîtsphìtsin crowds; to float, as a banner or a boat
pʰoʔphocto lay the hand on, to comfort
pʰoŋphong1. beautiful
2. turnip
3. bee, wasp; a sting
pʰoŋʔphonkto present, receive
pʰuphou1. confidence; sincere; trust
2. kind of bird-net
pʰukphoukturn over, overthrow; on the contrary
pʰuksphouksto overspread, cover, protect; a cover
pʰuŋphoungabundant (harvest); Phoung (Feng), a river at Xi’an
pʰrâŋphràngboil
pʰrêŋphrèngto cause, make
pʰrînsphrìnsblack and white of eyes contrasting
pʰrəphru1. great, overbearing; very; ample
2. robust
3. horse of mixed yellow and white colour
pʰrəkphrukcleave apart
pʰəphu1. clean and bright (of clothes)
2. double-kerneled black millet
pʰəkphukturn over, revert
pʰəksphuksa type of headdress
pʰənphun1. ample
2. fragrant
3. decorative plaque attached to horse’s bit
pʰətphut1. brush off, eliminate
2. purify, expel noxious fumes; (hence) happy
pʰə̂tsphùtscounterpart
pʰəjphuy1. for a horse to run without let-up
2. heavy fall of snow
pʰəjʔphuyc1. ornate
2. radish
pʰjawphyaw1. blow down
2. make a rushing noise, as a carriage
pʰjâwphyàwstrike down, crush
piʔpic1. compare
2. spoon
pinpin1. guest
2. river bank, shore
pinspinsset out, arrange
pispisdeceased mother
pitpit1. must
2. all, entirely
3. sparkling
4. fork
5. knee-cover
6. strong wind; spring welling up;
pit-pat, gale;
pit-put, gush forth
觱;
觱發;
觱沸
7. hand-net (for catching birds)
pitspits1. give
2. to close
3. caution; guard against
4. mystery, secret
5. bubble up from a spring毖,泌
pôʔpòcknock down, crush
pôkpòktell the future, esp. from cracks in shells or bones
pôk,
pôk-sôk
pòk,
pòk-sòk
undergrowth, low shrubby trees樸,
樸樕
poŋpongfief
pôŋʔpònknumerous (of fruit)
puʔpoucpottery, a pot
pûʔpòuc1. protect;
pòuc krèts, assistant
保;
保介
2. treasure, precious
3. a (black and white) bustard; hence, piebald horse
pukpoukbelly; embrace
pûspòus1. repay
2. to plait
prapra1. fine, admirable
2. skin
prâpràsow, pig
prâkpràk1. hundred
2. eldest, eldest brother; lord; Pràk (Bo), a personal name
3. cypress
pramʔprampdiminish, reduce
praŋprangweapon
prâŋpràngside of temple gate
praŋsprangs1. grieved
2. a handle
praŋʔprankgrasp
prânʔprànt1. great
2. plank
prâtspràtsto ruin
prâwkpràwkmixed-colour, roan
prâwkspràwksleopard
prêtprèteight
prêtsprètsto bow, bend a branch
pritpritlath tied to unstrung bow to prevent warping
prôkpròkcut, flay, peel, pluck
prôŋprònga state
prûpròu1. bushy, dense, massive
2. wrap
prûʔpròucfull of food, make full of food
prəʔprucbad
prəkprukputtee
prək-grâŋpruk-gràngprotective wooden bar on bull’s horns (p. 371)楅衡
prənPrunBin, early Tiw homeland, see pp. 7–8
prəŋprung1. ice
2. quiver-cover
prəsprusreins
prəjpruygrieve; sad
punot
pəʔpuc1. not; or not
2. soar
pəkpuk1. wide
2. good fortune, happiness
3. spoke of wheel
4. pokeweed
pə̂kpùknorth
pəkspuksrich; self-important
pə̂kspùksthe back
pəmpumwind; a (musical) air
pəmspumscriticize
pənpunto steam rice
pə̂npùn1. ? ardent, brave (or) uxorious (see Ode 49)
2. run, elope
pə̂ŋpùng1. for a mountain to collapse
2. epidemic in a herd
pənspunsspread one’s wings, fly up, make an effort; energetic
pə̂nʔpùntroot
pətput1. not, not able to, not willing to
2. large
3. adorned with emblems
4. gush forth
5. clear away dense vegetation
6. knee-cover巿
7. rope
8. gust
9. hanging at carriage entrance笰,茀
pətsputsto bubble
pəjpuy1. is not; wrong
2. to fly
pəjʔpuycnot; it is not that …
pjawpyawwhirlwind
rarahut;
ra-rac, lodging
廬;
廬旅
râa hound
raʔractroops, multitude
râʔràccaptive
râʔRàcLu, a state
raʔ-rəkrac-rukspine and sinews膂力
rakrak1. sharp
2. plunder, rob
râkràk1. fall; die (said of kings)
2. white horse with black mane
râkRàkLuo, a river, and Eastern Tiw capital
râksràks1. great
2. contribute, present
3. road
4. large carriage; charioteer
5. dew
6. Eastern great egret
ramrama type of dog
râmràmindigo
ramʔrampChinese snake gourd, Trichosanthes kirilowii, and related plants
ramsramsgather, accumulate
râmsràmsgo to excess
ranran1. wavy
2. connect, in a row, consecutively
raŋrang1. good, excellent
2. chilly, cold
3. pole, bridge, dam; Rang (Liang), a placename
4. millet, sorghum, grain generally, provisions粱,糧
râŋràng1. darnel
2. wolf
raŋsrangs1. bright
2. sincere; to trust; truly
3. chariot
râŋsràngsreckless
raŋʔranktwo, a pair
râŋʔrànkbright
rânsrànsbrilliant
ranʔranttwo-man handcart
raprapto hunt
rasrasthink of, foresee
ratrat1. cold
2. blaze, blazing; brilliant; broil; famous, meritorious
3. rank, degree
ratsrats1. cruel, oppressive, evil; Rats (Li), a 9th century king
2. a ford; wet the clothes
3. dangling ends of a sash
4. whetstone
râwràwhard work, trouble
râwʔràwcpuddle, pool
râwsràwsencourage, recompense
rajray1. leave, be dispersed
2. traverse, hang down; fall into; fasten, fastened to
3. to drag into; trouble, sorrow
4. apron
râjràykind of bird-net
rererope
rêblack horse
rênrènlotus fruit
reŋrenggood
rêŋrèng1. magic, divine, lucky; Rèng (Ling), a lord of Drin
2. bell attached to flag
reŋ,
rin
reng,
rin
to command
reŋʔrenkneck
resresrevile, defame
rêsrès1. fasten to, be attached to
2. a number
retsretssapling
r̥anrhanlong, of a beam
r̥âtsrhàtsscorpion
r̥âwksrhàwksshout, bawl, clamour
r̥eŋrheng1. dead drunk
2. tamarisk
r̥eŋʔrhenkdrive fast
r̥îʔrhìcform, shape; limb
r̥iwrhiw1. pull out, take out
2. be cured, recover
r̥oŋʔrhonkfavour, affection
r̥ukrhouknourish, cherish
r̥uksrhoukscollect; a store
r̥əʔrhucshame
r̥əkrhuk1. arrange
2. make ready
r̥ə̂mrhùmcovet
r̥ə̂mʔrhùmpnumerous
rînumerous, all
riʔric1. tread; a path
2. dignity
rîʔrìc1. propriety, ritual
2. a fish, perhaps blenny
3. must, sweet wine
rinrin1. neighbour
2. small bell, or the sound it makes
3. sound of rumbling carriage
4. see gu-rin, and reng
rînrìn1. fall in drops, drizzle
2. cocklebur
rinsrinsworn thin, fretted
risrisprofit; profitable, favourable
ritrit1. solid, full;
rit-rat, very cold
栗;
栗烈
2. fear; tremble
3. chestnut tree
rîtrìttransgress; offence
rîtsrìtscome to; settle
riwriw1. flow, drift down
2. catch
rîwrìwfor a while; a little; may it be that …, it will happen that …; a grammar word
riw-rajriw-raya bird—owl?流離
rîwʔrìwcwater pepper
riwkriwktall-growing, of a plant
roroheap up
rô1. empty, worthless
2. unknown tree species
rokrok1. green
2. a food plant, perhaps lentil
rôkròk1. deer鹿
2. wooded mountain slope
3. blessing, prosperity, dignity祿
rôksròksto leak
rônròn1. emaciated
2. bell on horse harness䜌,鑾
roŋrongdragon
rôŋròngwell fed (horse)
rôŋsròngsmanipulate, play with
rônsròns1. to cross; crossing-place
2. disorder, rebellion
ronʔrontbeautiful
rosrosrepeat; frequently
rôsròscarve, engrave
rôtròtgather, pluck
rurou1. detain; remain
2. kill, butcher, mutilate; Rou (Liu), a Tiw ruler
3. pale, black-maned horse騮,駵
4. pendant of banner
rûròupen for animals
ruʔrouc1. fine, stately
2. deep and clear (water)
3. willow
4. fish trap
rûʔròucold
rukrouk1. six;
rouk-pràwk, “six colours”: a tree, perhaps yellow catalpa
六;
六駮
2. fast-ripening grain
3. a level height
runroun1. ripple
2. twist a cord
3. principle
4. wheel
run,
run-sa
roun,
roun-sa
all together, indiscriminately淪,
淪胥
ruŋroungthunder
rutrouta row, tier
rutsrouts1. a class, hence high-class, good in general
2. (offer) a sacrifice to God
rujrouyrope, bonds
rûjròuy1. thunder靁,雷
2. large ‘lei’ jar
rujʔrouycliana, creeper
ʔrâksrràks1. second, next in sequence
2. brother-in-law
ʔraŋrrang1. brilliant央,英
2. a blossom; a kind of gem; an ornament
3. tinkling bell
ʔrânsrrànsbright, pleasant
ʔrêksrrèksnarrow; a defile
ʔrêŋrrèng1. contrasting colours in plumage
2. bird call
ʔrôkrròk1. moisten, smear
2. grasp, handful
ru1. give
2. regulate
3. wildcat
rə̂1. come
2. a horse more than a certain height
3. goosefoot
rəʔruc1. grieved
2. mark out fields
3. village; homestead; a li (about a third of a mile)
4. a carp
5. plum tree
6. inside; lining
rəkrukstrong, strength, effort; to force
rə̂krùkreins
rə̂ksrùksgive
rəmrum1. look down at, oversee
2. approach; a siege engine
3. a wood, forest; numerous (like trees of a forest)
rəmʔrumpgranary
rəŋrung1. ice
2. high mound, hill, height
rəprup1. to stand, set up
2. to live on grain
3. peasant’s hat made of split lengths of bamboo
rə̂srùsstimulate
rətsrutscome
rjâwryàwbody fat
rjâwʔryàwc1. fine, good, lovely
2. office
rjâwkryàwkoak tree
rjawksryawkscure𤻲
rjawsryawstorch; flame; brilliant; to burn; burntoffering
sasa1. together, mutually
2. linger
saʔsacunburden
saksak1. great
2. former
3. slipper, shoe
sâksàktwist rope
samsamthread
sansancaper about
saŋsang1. mutually
2. boil
3. box of carriage
sâŋsàng1. burial, mourning
2. mulberry;
sàng-gàc, Japanese grosbeak, Eophona personata
桑;
桑扈
saŋssangslook at, look to, hence assist; appearance, quality;
Sangs Thàc (Xiang Tu), grandson of Khèts, q.v.
相;
相土
sâŋssàngslose; destroy
sânssànsscatter; undisciplined
sâssàswhite, colourless
sawssawslaugh
sâj-sâjsày-sàyimitating drunken dancing傞傞
sese1. this
2. a final particle斯晳
sêksèk1. white
2. split, cleave
sensenfresh, good
seŋseng1. for different materials to fit together well
2. sacrificial animal, red horse
sêŋsèngstar
seŋssengs1. nature, disposition; life
2. surname; family
seŋʔsenkobserve
sênssènssleet
senʔsentrare, solitary
sêpsèpmarch
sessescompletely
srasha1. distant
2. coarse grain
sraʔshac1. mutually
2. flourishing, luxuriant, abundant
3. to strain liquor; heavy dew
4. the place where; X shac Verb, that which X Verbs
srâmshàmmow
srânshànhill, mountain
sraŋshangfrost
sraŋʔshankgo astray; defective
srânsshànswicker fish-trap
srânʔshànttears flowing
srâtshàtkill
srâjshày1. sand
2. yellowfin goby
srâj-kêshày-kèkatydid (Tettigoniidae spp.)莎雞
sresheto strain wine
sreŋsheng1. give birth to, be born, live
2. child of one’s sister
3. sacrificial animal
4. reed organ
srishi1. master;
shi gec, mistress of a household
師;
師氏
2. population of a district; multitude; troops, regiment, army
srîʔshìcsprinkle
srinshin1. long, prolonged; Shin, a state and clan name (Shen)
2. large crowd, flock
srit-srutshit-shouta cricket蟋蟀
sroʔshocto count
srokshokfirst day of a moon; Shok (Shuo), a personal and place name
srôŋshònga pair
srushounumerous
sruʔshoucmoisten, soak
srukshoukto bind
srutshout1. all
2. follow, go along; lead
srəʔshuc1. to cause使
2. to work, serve; service; an office, occupation, business; an officer, gentleman士,仕,事
3. wait; move on
4. scribe, recorder
5. river bank
srəkshuk1. reap, harvest; husbandry
2. looks, countenance; to show off
srəmShumOrion’s Belt
srə̂mshùmtender, delicate
srə̂mʔshùmpgrasp
srənshunnumerous詵,駪
sisi1. private
2. brother in law
sî1. west西
2. to roost, rest; bird’s nest
siʔsicdie; dead
sîʔsìcwashed clean
sinsin1. new;
Sin-pac (Xinfu), a mountain near Mount Tai
新;
新甫
2. bitter, pungent, painful
3. firewood
sin-mrûʔsin-mròuc28th day of the 60-day cycle辛卯
sinssins1. believe, trust; true, sincere
2. interrogate
3. stay two nights in one place
sitsitall, completely
sitssits1. then, thereupon
2. lax
3. unrestrained, violent
4. kill
5. spread out, display; extensive
6. snot, snivel
siwsiw1. long
2. dry
3. arrange, repair, cultivate
sîwsìw1. cold, chilly
2. lad’s-love (see p. 182)
3. pan-pipes
siwksiwk1. solemn, reverent
2. quick, eager
3. shrivel
4. hit
siwkssiwksembroider
siwssiws1. to flower and set seed
2. some kind of precious stone
sîwssìws1. wail
2. make sound with pursed lips; sing without fixed tune, croon
slaslaslow; Sla (Xu), a state in northern Anhui
slaʔslac1. fine-tasting (wine)
2. continue, succeed; arrange in order
3. work, achievement
4. tench
slakslak1. large, loose-fitting
2. mat
slaksSlaksXie, capital of Lhin
slansslansdesire; a surplus; affluence
slatslatleak, reduce;
Slat Lac (Xie Ye), a minister of Drin
泄,洩;
泄冶
slekslekwig, hairpiece
slêkslèk1. give
2. tin
slitslitpure; consider pure; stoop to
slitsslits1. four;
Slits Pang, “the Four Quarters”: the whole world;
Slits kwùk: the states of the “Four Quarters”
四;
四方;
四國
2. team of four horses
slokslok1. continue
2. water-plantain
sloŋslong1. litigate
2. pine-tree
sloŋsslongs1. admonish; recite; a song
2. eulogy
sləslu1. words, speech
2. the spring sacrifice
sləʔsluc1. resemble
2. sacrifice
3. plough
4. sidestream
5. wife of elder brother; Sluc (Si), a clan name
sləkssluksfood; feed
sləmslum1. large boiling-pan
2. a measure of length, eight thak, about nine feet
sləpslup1. flap the wings, flutter
2. wet ground, low ground, riverside (see Ode 38)
sləsslus1. continue, succeed, inherit
2. eunuch
smâŋssmàngsdestroy
snaŋsnangrise, rear up, remove
snetsnet1. familiar
2. garments worn next to body
sŋâkssngàks1. go upward against; adverse
2. inform; complain
snosnowait; Sno (Xu), a place-name
snuŋSnoungSong, a royal concubine in the 21st c. B.C.
snunʔsnounta bird of prey
snujsnouy1. walk slowly and cautiously; solemn
2. to comfort, give rest
sôʔsòc1. blind
2. marshland full of game
soksokgrain
sôksòk1. rapid; urge on; invite
2. worthless, mean
3. vegetables
sôŋssòngsto escort, esp. on first part of a journey; follow
soŋʔsonkfear
sonʔsontchoose; find the faults
sônʔsòntto count, measure, keep in time with music
sotsotsnow
susouscratch
sûsòumove, disturb, set in motion
sûʔsòucanxious
suksouk1. stay overnight宿
2. early morning; early
sûnsòun1. grandson;
Sòun Tzuc-droungs (Sun Zizhong), a military commander of Wets
孫;
孫子仲
2. cooked grain
suŋsounghigh
sûŋsSòungsSong, a state
sûssòussweep掃,埽
sutssoutsreprimand
sûtssòutsbreak
sôjsòypeasant’s raincoat made of straw, rushes, etc.
sôjʔsòycsmall, a fragment
spritsprit1. pure, fresh-looking, bright
2. an ancient zither-like instrument
su1. think
2. regulate;
su-dà, Master of Labour;
su-khòng, Master of Works
司;
司徒;
司空
3. silk
4. a grammar word
sə̂bearded
səksukto repose
sə̂ksùk1. sincere
2. to block, stop up
səmsumheart
sə̂msùmthree
sə̂nsùnbefore; past
sə̂nssùnsgo in front, lead
sə̂nʔsùntwash
səssusthink about, brood
sʷanswan1. boastful
2. proclaim
3. to spread; all-embracing; Swan (Xuan), a personal name, in particular name of a Tiw king;
Swan Kyang (Xuan Jiang), concubine of a lord of Wets
宣;
宣姜
4. unit of length, on the order of a yard
sʷatsswatsharvest; year
sʷajswayconform to; obsequious
sʷenswenturn round; agile; promptly還,旋
sʷi,
sʷi-tsə̂k
swi,
swi-tzùk
although雖,
雖則
sʷinswin1. truly, really
2. everywhere, all round, equally distributed, equal
3. to plan, consult
sʷinSwinXun, a state
sʷinʔswintbamboo shoots
sʷitswitcare about; solicitude, anxiety, sorrow
sʷitsswits1. then, thereupon
2. progress, achieve
3. ear of grain穗,
sjasyaoblique, perverse
sjaksyakevening
sjaŋsyang1. auspicious, good omen, lucky day
2. examine fully, explain details
sjaŋʔsyankelephant, ivory; hence carved, patterned
sjawsyaw1. melt, dissolve, annihilate; Syaw (Xiao), a place in Drengs
2. evening, night;
syaw-gràng, “nightgoer”: firefly
宵;
宵行
sjaw-jawsyaw-yawbe at ease, saunter逍遙
sjawʔsyawcsmall;
syawc sum, “small heart”: care, cautious
小;
小心
sjawksyawkscrape, cut; destroy
sjusyouprisoner
sjû-srjâwsyòu-shyàwspider蠨蛸
sjunssyouns1. deep濬,浚
2. lofty
sjunsSyounsXun, a town in Wets
sjussyoussleeve
sjutssyouts1. a tree, perhaps birchleaf pear
2. a jade insignium carried at the belt
sjəjʔsyuycwild water-buffalo
tataa grammar word; ta A, the As, all the As
tâ1. elegant
2. outer city wall; capital city
taʔtac1. X tac: X-er, he/she/they who X; as for X, …
2. islet
3. red paint
tâʔtàca set length of wall, perhaps about 80 feet
taktakroast, broil
takstakskind of mulberry tree
tâkstàksdestroy, destruction
tamtamsee, look at
tantanhim, her, it
tântàn1. ample, generous
2. unit
3. vermilion
taŋtang1. a pattern, ornament, décor, emblem; rule, statute; refined
2. a jade emblem, see Ode 238
tanstansfear
tâns, tâttàns, tàt1. painful, grieved, earnest
2. dawn
tânʔtànt1. ample
2. sincere, truly; Tànt, grandfather of Mun (pp. 7–8)
3. disease, suffering, distress
tâttàtsee tàns
tatstatsbright晣,晢
tâtstàtsgirdle, sash
tawtawbeckon
tâwtàw1. grieved
2. knife
3. canoe (“knife boat”)
tawʔtawcpool, pond
tâwʔtàwcoverturn
tâwstàwsarrive
tâjtàymany
tâjstàysexhausted
têktèk1. son of principal wife
2. hoof
temtemtell the future
têmʔtèmpflaw in a gemstone
têntènbluish-black horse with white spots
teŋteng1. go on a military expedition against, attack, punish; go
2. first; centre of target
3. a kind of bell
têŋtèng1. hammering sound
2. forehead; Tèng (Ding), a constellation (see Ode 50)
teŋstengs1. to regulate, to correct; correct; a ruler
2. govern
teŋʔtenkarrange, dispose
têŋʔtènk1. hit, sound of hitting
2. cauldron
teptepfear; be scared stiff
têstèsGod, emperor
tettetbreak
tetstetsto place, set aside
têts-tôŋtèts-tòngrainbow蝃蝀
tʰâʔthàc1. spit out
2. earth, ground;
thàc-wac, territory
土;
土宇
tʰakthaka measure of length, about fourteen inches
tʰâkthàk1. bag
2. thumping sound
tʰamthamapron
tʰânthàn1. numerous
2. exhausted
tʰâŋthàngsound of drum
tʰanʔthantslow, easy-going, long-drawn-out
tʰâtthàt1. rapid, brisk
2. go to and fro
3. door, room
tʰâtsthàtsgreat, greatly; too;
Thàts Pràk, uncle of Mun;
Thàts shàn, Mount Tai;
thàts shi, commander-in-chief of army;
Thàts Wang, alternative name for Tànt, q.v.
太,泰;
泰伯;
泰山;
太師;
泰王
tʰawthawan unbent bow
tʰâwkthàwkindulgent, gentle
tʰênʔthèntface
tʰênʔ-tʰônʔthènt-thònttrampled ground町畽
tʰêsthèscomb-pin
tʰithiowl;
thi-waw, tu-whoo
鴟;
鴟鴞
tʰîʔthìcweep; tears
tʰînthìnsky; Thìn, Sky, the supreme god;
thìn gràc, “below the sky”: the whole world;
Thìn Tzuc, “Sky’s Son”: the king, later the emperor
天;
天下;
天子
tʰînsthìnsjade ear-stopper, see p. 26
tʰîsthìstake away, discontinue, dismiss
tʰiwkthiwkbegin
t-hliwt’hliwagitated, anxious
tʰotholovely, fine; agreeable, compliant
tʰonthonbore through穿
tʰoŋthong1. to rush, knock; a battering-ram
2. kind of bird-net罿
tʰôŋthòngpained, grieved
tʰotsthotspant
tʰukthouka rattle
tʰunthounspring (season)
tʰûnthòun1. ample, complete
2. groan
tʰuŋthoungfull; to fill;
thoung-nuc, ear-stopper, see p. 26
充;
充耳
tʰunʔthountwriggle
tʰûtthòutburst forth
tʰûtsthòutswithdraw退
tʰujthouypush, push away
tʰûjthòuymotherwort
tʰojthoyto blow
tʰojsthoysmusical concert
tʰrathraTree of Heaven
tʰrâkthràksplit, be torn
tʰraŋsthrangs1. long
2. aromatic spirits
3. bow-case, put bow in case
tʰreŋthrengred
tʰretthret1. remove
2. penetrate, understand
3. to tax arable land by acreage
tʰritsthritschagrined, angry懥,懫
tʰruŋthroungagitated, grieved
tʰrəʔthruchappiness, prosperity
tʰrənsthrunssuffer, fever疹,疢
tʰrəjthruyfine cloth
tʰəthujesting, jolly;
thu-thu, a jokester
蚩;
蚩蚩
tʰəksthuksblaze, to heat; glorious
tʰə̂mʔthùmpminced meat pickled in brine
tʰə̂nʔthùntgood
tî1. illness; suffer
2. a ram (male sheep)
tîDi, a western group of tribes
tiʔtic1. come to
2. settle, determine
tîʔtìcfoundation, base
tintinTRUE
tîntìn1. top of head, forehead; fall headlong, be overthrown
2. top of a mountain
3. illness, suffering
tinʔtintblack hair
tîttìtstop up
titstitscome to, arrive; highest point
tiwtiw1. give; succour
2. circle, bend; everywhere; surround; Tiw (Zhou), the Odes dynasty
tîwʔtìwcbird
tîwstìwsmistletoe
totored
toʔtoc1. master, lord, host
2. ladle
toktokjoined, attached to
tôkstòksbeak
toŋtongbell鍾,鐘
tôŋtòngeast
toŋstongsto sow
toŋʔtonkseed
tônstònsa hammer
tônʔtòntcut off
tostosa kind of horse, see Ode 128
tôttòtpick, gather
totstotsunite; together
tôtstòtsa baton
tutou1. boat
2. islet
tu-hʷaTou-hwaZhou Xu, would-be usurper of the rulership of Wets, see Ode 26州吁
tûʔtòucpray
tuktouk1. pray, prayer
2. bind
tûktòukfirm, solid, to make solid
tukstouksto curse
tuntouninculcate, repeat
tûntòunthick; make thick, assemble
tuŋtoung1. end; everlasting; in the last analysis; definitely;
toung A tsac B, there has occurred both A and B
終;
終A且B
2. locust, grasshopper
tûŋtòungwinter
tuŋstoungsmultitude, numerous, all
tûtstòutsrespond to, correspond to; counterpart
tujtouy1. wood-pigeon
2. horse of mixed grey and white colour
tûjtòuycarve, engrave
tojstoysanxious
trakstraksarea between gateway and screening wall
trantranSakhalin sturgeon
traŋtrang1. to stretch; broad; Trang (Zhang), a personal name
2. provisions
traŋʔtrankgrow; senior; to preside
transtransritual robe
tranʔtranttruly
trattratwise, perspicacious
trawtrawmorning
trâwktràwksplendid, great
trâwkstràwksbasket for catching fish, see Ode 171
tretreknow; someone you know well, intimate friend
trêktrèkblame, punish
tremtremmoisten, soak through
treŋtreng1. auspicious
2. verticals of scaffolding used in making earth walls; supports
trenʔ-tronʔtrent-tronttoss and turn輾轉
trittrit1. to beat; a stroke
2. sickle
tritstrits1. weighed down heavily
2. bring forward, convey
3. to slip, trip
4. secure
trotrotree-stump;
Tro Rum (Zhu Lin), “Stump Wood”, seat of the Ghàc family
株;
株林
trôktròk1. hew, carve斲,
2. peck up
3. strike
trontronturn round, remove
troŋʔtronkmound, peak; great
tronʔtrontturn
trostrosflow to; make flow to; apply
trottrot1. grieved
2. gulp
trotstrotssew, stitch, badge
trutrou1. cheat, impose on
2. carriage pole
trûʔtròucpain in guts
truktrouk1. pound earth, build
2. bamboo
truŋtroungmiddle, inside;
troung-kwun, army commander
中;
中軍
trustrousdaybreak, daytime
trujtrouypursue; Trouy (Zhui), a northern tribe
trəktruk1. ascend
2. sow or plant early
trəkstruksto place, arrange
trəptrupto hobble a quadruped
tsʰatsa1. straw
2. rocky hill
3. shrike, butcher bird
tsʰa-kutsa-koufish-hawk (see p. 29)雎鳩
tsʰaʔtsacand, moreover, again; temporarily
tsʰaktsak1. reverent demeanour
2. magpie
tsʰâktsàkornamented; crossing each other; whetstone
tsʰantsantransfer, remove
tsʰântsàneat; food
tsʰaŋtsang1. beg, request
2. move in a stately way
3. ? a saw (see Ode 154)
4. tinkling sound鏘,瑲,鶬
tsʰâŋtsàng1. blue or green;
tsàng lung, bluebottle
蒼;
蒼蠅
2. granary
tsʰâŋ-krâŋtsàng-kràngoriole, Oriolus chinensis倉庚
tsʰânstsànsbright, splendid; fine food; a set of three beautiful things or women
tsʰâwʔtsàwcgrief, grieved
tsʰâjtsàyto file, polish stone
tsʰâjʔtsàycshining white
tsʰetsefemale bird
tsʰeʔtsec1. this, the
2. petty
tsʰêʔtsècbright, lustrous玼,泚
tsʰektsekprod, stab
tsʰekstsekscriticize, reprove
tsʰeŋtsengclear, pure; Tseng (Qing), a city in Drengs state
tsʰêŋtsèngblue or green
tsʰenʔtsentshallow
tsʰîtsì1. chilly, cold
2. dense; luxuriant foliage
tsʰintsinoneself
tsʰîntsìnthousand
tsʰînstsìnspink
tsʰistsis1. arrange in order; next in order
2. assist, back up
tsʰittsit1. seven
2. lacquer tree, Toxicodendron vernicifluum
tsʰitTsitQi, a river of Shaanxi
tsʰîttsìtcut
tsʰiwtsiw1. autumn
2. stork
tsʰîwktsìwk1. intense feelings, affection; grieved; loved ones, relatives
2. hatchet
tsʰîwk-l̥ajtsìwk-lhaytoad戚施
tsʰoʔtsoctake
tsʰôʔtsòca groom;
tsòc mràc, Master of Horse
趣;
趣馬
tsʰoŋtsongsawtooth ornamentation
tsʰôŋtsònghear well; intelligent
tsʰônstsònsfurnace; to heat, cook
tsʰostsos1. hasten to
2. take a wife
tsʰôttsòtsmall cap
tsʰotstsotskerchief
tsʰûʔtsòuc1. rough, coarse; troubled
2. grass, small plants
tsʰuntsounmake a dance move
tsʰûnʔtsòuntmeasure, consider
tsʰûstsòusgo to, send out
tsʰujʔtsouycrun about
tsʰûjʔtsòuycdeep
tsʰə̂tsùforceful, strong
tsʰə̂ʔtsùc1. colour, colourful
2. pluck, gather
tsʰəmtsuminvade, encroach
tsʰə̂mtsùmthe outside horses in a team
tsʰəmʔtsump1. lie down to sleep
2. part of an ancestral temple
tsʰə̂mʔtsùmp1. grieved, afflicted慘,憯
2. marker of perfect tense
tsʰəptsup1. babble; gossip
2. to hem; a connected row; continuous
tsʰə̂stsùsvegetable, edible plant
tsʰə̂jtsùywife
tsʰjawʔtsyawcanxious, grieved
tu1. this
2. go to
3. genitive particle: A tu B, A’s B, the B of A
4. all-purpose object pronoun: him, her, it, them; occasionally me, us, you
təʔtuc1. stop, settle;
tuc ku, settlement
止;
止基
2. deportment, behaviour, dignity; courteous
3. heel
4. islet
5. a final particle
təktuk1. simply, only, merely;
tuk-hwangs, but what’s more …
職;
職況
2. weave
tə̂ktùk1. get
2. character, “virtue” (see pp. 19–20)
təkstuks1. remember
2. coloured silk fabric
tə̂mtùmsoak; soaked in (esp. pleasure); indulge oneself, rejoice湛,耽
təntunmajestic; numerous
təŋtung1. numerous
2. splendid
3. offer gifts; the winter sacrifice
4. to advance
5. kindling wood
tə̂ŋtùng1. go up
2. a ‘deng’ vessel
tənstuns1. protect殿
2. sigh殿
3. shake, vibrate; marshal troops; fear
4. thunderclap; majestic
5. from
tənʔtuntraised path between fields
tə̂nʔtùntstatute, law code
təptupseize, grasp
tə̂ptùprespond, reply
tə̂s kʷajTùs KwayDai Gui, a lady of Wets戴嬀
təttutsubstance, natural qualities; natural, simple, honest; good faith; give pledge
tətsTutsZhi, a place in the Un royal domain
tətstutspledge of good faith; hostage
tjawtyaw1. bright
2. shine, shine on, enlighten
tjawʔtyawcglorious
tjawktyawk1. brilliant
2. pour wine into cup
tjâwktyàwk1. to pity, condole
2. bullseye in a target
tjâwkstyàwksto fish
tsatza1. plenty, many
2. dull, slow, unskilful
3. a closing particle, verbal exclamation mark
tsâtzàstraw bedding, packing
tsâʔtzàc1. ancestor
2. roadside sacrifice before a journey
3. cord
tsâktzàk1. rise
2. work, exercise one’s function, make; active
tsakstzaksborrow, claim
tsamtzam1. moisten
2. destroy
tsaŋtzang1. great; enlarge
2. take, undertake, attend to, bring, advance, (hence) course of a river; future marker
3. to nurse, support
4. congee漿
tsâŋtzàng1. good
2. luxuriant (foliage)
3. ewe
tsanʔtzanthoe
tsaptzapoar
tsasTzasJu, a river of Shaanxi
tsas-nastzas-nasmarshy ground沮洳
tsatstzatssacrifice
tsawtzawroast; Tzaw (Jiao), a place-name
tsâwʔtzàwc“ditch grass” (see Ode 15); algae
tsâwktzàwkfine, brilliant
tsajtzayalas!; now then!
tsâjʔtzàycleft (hand);
tzàyc-wuc, assistant
左;
左右
tsâjstzàysassist;
tzàys-wus, to “left and right” someone, serve as their assistant
佐;
佐佑
tseʔtzecdefame, slander訿
tsektzek1. collect, accumulate
2. footprint; follow the track; go the right way; walk with small steps
3. spine
tsêktzèk1. twist, spin
2. achieve merit; meritorious deed
tsek-reŋ, tsek-rêŋtzek-reng, tzek-rènga bird, perhaps pied wagtail脊令,鶺鴒
tsekstzeksto stack or store
tsêmstzèmserr, error; falsehood; disorder
tseŋtzengpennon, banner, feather flag
tsêŋtzèngluxuriant, bushy
tsenʔtzentto clip
tsitzi1. alas!
2. consult
3. resources, supplies
4. sacrificial grain
tsîtzì1. ascend; steep
2. rainbow; rising vapour
tsiʔtzic1. million
2. elder sister
tsîʔtzìc1. numerous
2. fine-looking, dignified
tsîʔTzìcJi, one of the four former great rivers of China
tsinsTzinsJin, a state
tsinstzinsapproach, enter, send forward
tsinʔtzintcut off
tsîstzìsford; cross a stream
tsittzitgo to
tsîttzìtjoint in bamboo and other plants
tsiwtziwfragrant;
tziw, tziw-rìw, pepper plant
椒;
椒聊
tsiwʔtziwcwine, or other alcoholic drink
tsiwktziwkto press, harass; reduced to extremes
tsotzoenquire, consult
tsôʔtzòcrun, hurry
tsoktzok1. enough
2. foot
tsoŋtzonglongways
tsôŋtzòng1. come, come forward, arrive
2. piglet
tsoŋstzongslet loose, indulge; admittedly
tsôŋʔtzònkbind together
tsônʔtzòntcontinue, succeed to
tsôstzòsperform; display, press forward
tsûtzòumeet with
tsûʔtzòuc1. early in the day
2. jujube
tsuntzounfollow a route
tsûntzòuna vase-like ‘zun’ wine vessel
tsûŋtzòungclan, ancestral temple; to honour ancestors, as in the temple
tsûnʔtzòuntchat
tsuttzoutfinish; utterly
tsutstzoutsdrunk
tsətzu1. this
2. diligent
3. burden
4. small tripod
tsə̂tzù1. begin
2. disaster災,烖
3. verbal exclamation mark
tsəʔtzuc1. son, young man; young lady; a polite “you”; (occasionally) I, me; N tzuc, Sir N;
Tzuc, Tzuc-ka, clan names (Zi, Ziche)
子;
子車
2. hoe earth round plants
3. Chinese catalpa
tsə̂ʔtzùcattendant, steward, minister
tsəktzukbroomcorn millet, Panicum miliaceum
tsə̂ktzùk1. A tzùk B: if/when A then B
2. a rule, pattern; follow a pattern
tsəmstzumsoverflow
tsə̂ŋtzùng1. increase, numerous
2. add; late, remote;
tzùng sòun, “remote grandson”: descendant
曾;
曾孫
3. hate
4. a grammar word introducing a clause or equivalent to tzùk, q.v.
tsə̂nstzùnsset forth, present
tsəptzupgrowing plants
tsə̂stzùs1. to start; after this; consequently
2. carry; convey or be conveyed on wheels; fill; achieve
3. an item; tzùs A, tzùs B, on one hand A, on the other B
tsjawktzyawk1. nobility, dignity, rank
2. a three-legged ‘jue’ goblet
3. sparrow
tsjunstzyouns1. eminent, talented, great; make great; prolong
2. quickly駿
3. overseer, inspector of fields; to rule
ʔə-həu-hushout of joy or fear噫嘻
ʔəkuk1. oh!; an opening particle; but
2. full, overflowing
3. increase
4. repress; careful, attentive
5. 100,000; a very large number
ʔəksuksthink; idea
ʔəmum1. drink
2. sound, music, message, reputation
3. shady; the Yin of Yin v. Yang
ʔəmsums1. to shelter
2. give to drink
ʔənun1. grieved
2. great, many; Un, the dynasty which preceded Tiw
ʔə̂nùnkindness, favour, love
ʔəŋung1. receive
2. breast; breastplate; “to breast”, i.e. withstand
3. eagle
ʔəŋsungsanswer, respond; small “answering” drum; Ungs (Ying), a state;
ungs mùn, inner gate to palace
應;
應門
ʔənʔunt1. conceal
2. thunder
ʔəpup1. ladle out
2. to bow, salute
3. city, town
ʔə̂tsùtsto love; to grudge
ʔəjuy1. luxuriant, ample; to make ample
2. lean on, accord with; firmly settled
3. garment;
uy-buk,
uy-dang, clothes
衣;
衣服,
衣裳
ʔə̂jùylament;
ùy, ùy-tzù, woe!
哀;
哀哉
ʔəjsuyswear
wawaat; go to
wâflower
waʔwac1. rain
2. feathers, wing
3. eaves, or area below eaves; hence cover, protect; territory
waʔWacYu, mythical founder of the first Chinese dynasty
wâkwàksucceed, catch, hit the mark
wamwamblaze, blazing
wanwan1. there, then; go there; a grammar word
2. dragging slowly
3. raise; ladder
4. wall
5. garden
wânwànpillar; warlike in appearance
wân-rânwàn-rànrough-potato plant (see Ode 60)芄蘭
waŋwangking; to have audience with the king
wâŋwàng1. almighty, splendid; regard as splendid, revere; later used for “emperor”; Wàng, a stream;
Wàng-pac (Huang-fu), a chief minister
皇;
皇父
2. brilliant
3. to correct, regulate
4. skewbald
5. leisure
waŋʔwankgo towards
wanswanskeep far from, leave
wanʔwantfar
wapwap1. shine, gleam
2. carry food out to workers
waswasto rain
watwat1. verbal “open inverted commas”
2. because; what about?
3. transgress, deviate; take beyond; proclaim
4. type of axe
wat,
wat-ləʔ
wat,
wat-luc
and; a grammar word越,
越以
wawwawa small bird, possibly owl
wajwaydo, make, act as, be; there is, there are
wâjwày1. harmony, harmonious, peaceful; blend, make proportions correct
2. bell attached to carriage
3. growing grain
wajswayson behalf of, for
wâjswàysrespond in singing, attune
wêtake by the hand
wekwekwork, serve; military service
wenwenround, a circle員,
wênwèn1. turn round, return
2. a ring
weŋweng1. to plan, demarcate
2. buzz about
weŋʔwenkpoint of ear of grain
wenswens1. a belle
2. courtyard wall; Wens (Yuan), a state
wenʔwentto crawl, as an insect
wetswetsto guard; Wets (Wei), a state
wiwi1. is
2. only, is only唯,維
3. think
4. reject, leave behind, leave over, remain
5. tie, bind together
wîHuai, a river of eastern China
winwinclear land for cultivation
winʔwintstraight, true, regular; Wint (Yin), a clan name
witwit1. then, thereupon; a grammar word
2. black horse with white legs (?)
3. rapid flight
wîtwìthole, pit
wîtswìtskindly; obedient
wraŋswrangs1. wade
2. long-drawn-out chant
wraŋʔwranketernal
wreŋwrenga kind of gemstone
wriwricurtain
wrəʔWrucWei, a river of Henan
wrəʔwrucswitchtail
wrənʔwruntfall down, drop, throw down
wrətswrutsplace of honour
wufault, blame, excess尤,訧
wəʔwuc1. have, there is/are; rich; wuc X, very X; Wuc N, the Domain of N, Lord of N, House of N;
wuc na X, (I swear) by X!
有;
有如X
2. right (hand)
3. friend
wəʔ-wiʔwuc-wiccall of hen pheasant有鷕
wəkwuk1. boundary; graveyard
2. fishing net
3. water-demon
4. oak
wə̂kwùksomeone, something, perhaps
wəkswukspark, garden
wəmwumblack bear
wənwun1. numerous, much
2. say; oracle
3. to weed
4. cloud;
Wun Hàns, “Han River in the clouds”: the Milky Way
雲;
雲漢
5. a grammar word云,
wəŋwungmale animal or (particularly) bird
wənswuns1. rich, ample (of flowers)
2. brightness
wənʔwuntrichly ornamented
wəpwupgleaming
wəswus1. also; repeat
2. large-minded
wəswusX to “right-hand” X: to help X, esteem X, encourage X to drink右,佑,侑
wətswuts1. numerous
2. say
wətsWutsthe river Wei, which meets the Yellow River at its eastward bend
wəjwuy1. go away, go against, deviate from
2. go opposite ways; Wuy (Wei), a state
3. encircle, a circuit
wə̂jwùy1. revolve, deviate;
wùy-wit, awry, perverse
回;
回遹
2. go against the current
wəjʔwuyc1. blaze; bright
2. brilliant, of flowers
3. reed
ʔwâwwàdirty; untidy; to soak汙,污
ʔwenwwendissatisfied, grieved
ʔweŋwwengto wind, twine round
ʔwînwwìn1. abyss, deep; deep note
2. drumbeat
jayaawry, deflected, depraved
jakyak1. also; and yet; but; a grammar word
2. great
jamsyamslovely
jaŋyang1. vast, voluminous flow of water
2. sheep, goat
3. disease
jaŋsyangs1. long
2. suffering; grieved
jaŋsYangsYang, a place name
jaŋʔyanknourish, rear
janʔyantoverflow; abundant; go to excess, be extravagant
jasyasnight
jawyaw1. meet; a rendezvous
2. sing
3. shake, be shaken, agitated
4. a precious stone, perhaps jasper
jawkyawk1. medicine; to cure
2. the summer sacrifice
3. flute, pan-pipes
joʔyoc1. a catalpa species, perhaps Manchurian catalpa
2. open-air stack of grain
jonyonblack kite
juyou1. as, like; still, yet
2. light (in weight); a light carriage
3. proceed from; follow; from
4. to long for; long-brooding; longtrailing; far away
5. flow
6. float, swim; wander about, ramble; an amusement, leisure;
you rong, “floating dragon”: Persicaria amphibia
游,遊;
游龍
7. plan猶,𣣫
8. a place; the place where; passive marker: you Verb, that which is Verbed
juʔyouc1. a ‘you’ wine pot
2. weeds, useless, damaging
junʔyountto trust, sincere, truly; Yount (Yun), a personal name
jusyous1. tall (of cereal plants)
2. to store firewood
3. full dress, with long sleeves
jəkyuk1. respectful, reverent; orderly, welltrained
2. wing, hence shelter; to assist
ʔjawyyaw1. waist, waistband
2. milkwort
3. sound made by insects
ʔjawkyyawkbind

《上古之歌》附錄詞表整理

https://vistudium.top/2023/08/11/VEC-glossary/

著士

hulenkius

作於

2023-08-12

協定